Untuk menghadapi Ujian Nasional, tenses yang akan dibahas adalah : 1. Simple Present Tense 2. Present Continuous Tense 3. Present Perfect Tense 4.....
TENSES   ( BAB  I )

I.    TEORI

Tenses berhubungan dengan time atau waktu. Secara umum, tenses dibagi menjadi 3 bagian besar :
Present
Past
Future


 Untuk menghadapi Ujian Nasional, tenses yang akan dibahas adalah :
1. Simple Present Tense
2. Present Continuous Tense
3. Present Perfect Tense
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
5. Simple Past Tense
6. Past Continuous Tense
7. Simple Future Tense

1.     Simple Present Tense

 a.     Habitual
        Kita membahas tentang suatu kegiatan yang dilakukan secara rutin untuk suatu periode tertentu.
Rumus : S + V1
                S + V1 ( + s / es )
 S   =  Subject
 V1 =  Verb infinitive
Contoh :

    I go to school everyday.
    They come here once a week.

        Untuk subjek He, She, It, jangan lupa ada penambahan  s  atau  es   pada kata kerjanya.     
                Contoh :

    He goes to school everyday.
    Mrs. Sofniza arrives at home from the office at 6 p. m .

        Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan do not atau does not, diikuti oleh kata kerja bentuk pertama,          sedangkan untuk kalimat tanya, pindahkan   do   atau   does   kedepan kalimat.
Contoh :
       ( +) They study English everyday.
       ( - ) They don’t study English everyday.
       ( ? ) Do they study English everyday ?
                         - Yes, she does.
                         - No, they don’t.
Contoh :
( + )         Dila plays Table Tennis everyday.
( - )          Dila doesn’t play Table Tennis everyday.
( ? )         Does Dila play Table Tennis everyday ?
                        - Yes, she does.
                        - No, she doesn’t.

b.     Faktual
        Kita membicarakan tentang kebenaran umum.
Contoh :
    ( + )         The sun rises in the East.
    ( - )          The sun doesn’t rise in the West.
    ( ? )         Does the sun rise in the East.
                    Yes, it does.
       Yang perlu diingat, keterangan waktu yang sering dipakai adalah :Everyday, Everytime,         Everyweek.
 Kita juga bisa menambahkan Adverbs of Frequency : always (selalu),  usually (biasanya), often           (sering),  sometimes (kadang-kadang),  seldom (jarang),  never (tidak pernah).
Contoh :

    All never comes here.
    Susi and Dewi always type a report everyday.


2.         Present Continuous Tense
                         
        Tense ini membicarakan tentang kegiatan yang sering dilakukan.
Contoh :
A : What are you doing ?
B : I am writing a latter.

Rumus : S + is, am, are + V ( + ing )

        Keterandgan waktu yang sering digunakan adalah  now, at this moment, at present, look,listen.
Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan   not   setelah   to be ( is, am, are ).
Untuk kalimat tanya, pindahkan    is, am, are    kedepan kalimat.

Contoh :
( + )         We are reading a book now.
( - )          We are not reading a book now.
( ? )          Are we readinga book now ?
                - Yes, we are.
                - No, we are not.

3.     Present Perfect Tense
        Membicarakan suatu kegiatan di waktu lampau yang berhubungan dengan present (sekarang).

Contoh :

   Mrs. Salma has lived in Jakarta for 30 year.
   They have finished their job.

Rumus :
S + has  ( untuk  he / she / it ) + V3
S + have  ( untuk  I, you, we, they ) + V3

        Keterangan waktu : since (sejak),  for (selama),  already (telah),  yet (belum),  recently (akhir-akhir       ini),  so far (sejauh ini),  once (sekali),  twice (dua kali).
Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan  not  setelah  has  atau  have.
Untuk Kalimat tanya, pindahkan  have  atau  has  ke depan kalimat.

Contoh :
( + )         Mr. Sofyan has gone to Bukit Tinggi already.
( - )          Mr. Sofyan has not gone to Bukit Tinggi yet.
( ? )         Has Mr. Sofyan gone to Bukit Tinggi ?
                                Yes, he has.
                                No, he has not.

4.     Present Prefect Continuous Tense

        Memungkinkan kejadian yang terjadi di waktu lampau dan masih berlangsung sampai sekarang.
Contoh :

          Mrs. Chadijah has been swimming since 2 o’clock.

Rumus :
S + has ( untuk  he / she /it ) + been + V  ing
S + have ( untuk  I, you, we, they ) + been + V  ing

Keterangan waktu : for, since.
Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan  not  setelah  has  atau  have.
Untuk kalimat tanya, pindahkan  have  atau  has  ke depan kalimat.

Contoh :
( + )         Abdulah has been running for 30 minutes.
( - )          Abdulah has not been running for 30 minutes.
( ? )         Has Abdulah been running for 30 minutes ?
                - Yes, he has.
                - No, he has not.                                                                                                                         

5.     Simple Past Tense                                                                                                                                             
        Menerangkan kejadian di masa lampau.
Contoh :

   Mike walked to school yesterday.
   Upik worked hard last week.
   I was happy 2 day ago.


Rumus :
S + V2
S + was / were + adjectif / adverb.


        Keterangan waktu : yesterday, last week, last month, 2 days ago, just now (barusan), in 1987.
Untuk kalimat negatif, gunakan   did not + V1, atau tambahkan   not   setelah   was / were.
Untuk kalimat tanya , pindahkan   did   atau   was / hare   ke depan kalimat.

Contoh :
a.             ( + )    Mr. Toto sang a song last week.
                ( - )     Mr. Toto didn’t sing a song last week.
                ( ? )    Did Mr. Toto sing asong last week ?
                           - Yes, he did.
                           - No, he did not.
b.             ( + )   Mrs. Elisabeth was hare yesterday.
                ( - )    Mrs. Elisabeth was not here yesterday.
                ( ? )   Was Mrs. Elisabeth here yesterday ?
                          - Yes, she was.
                          - No, she was not.

6.     Past Continuous Tense
    a.    Menerangkan suatu kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung di waktu lampau, kemudian ada kejadian lain yang terjadi.

                Contoh :
                I was reading a book when my mother called me up.
    b. Menerangkan 2 kejadian yang sedang terjadi bersamaan di waktu lampau.



    Rumus :
    S + was ( I, he, she, it ) + V ( + ing )
    S + were ( you, we, they ) + V ( + ing )
             
  Contoh :
                 Purnomo was cooking while Waluyo was taking a bath.
                Keterangan waktu : when, while.

Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan  not  setelah  was / were.
Untuk kalimat tanya, pindahkan  was / were   ke depan kalimat.

Contoh :
( + )     They were crying.
( - )      They were not crying
( ? )      Were they crying ?
             - Yes, they were.
             - No, they were not.
7.     Simple Future Tense

Rumus :
S + will + V1
S + be ( is, am, are ) + going to + V1
                                                           
        Menerangkan suatu peristiwa yang baru akan berlangsung.
        Contoh :
v  He will come here tomorrow.
v  He is going to come here tomorrow.
Keterangan waktu : tomorrow, next week, next time.
•         Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan  not  setelah  will,  atau setelah   be  ( is, am, are ).
•         Untuk kalimat tanya, pindahkan   will   atau   be  ( is, am, are ) ke depan kalimat.
Contoh :
a.     ( + )    They will play Footbal tomorrow.
        ( - )     They will not play Footbal tomorrow.
        ( ? )   Will they play Footbal tomorrow.
                    - Yes, they will.
                    -  No, they won’t.
b.     ( + )    They are going to play Footbal tomorrow.
        ( - )    They are not going to play Footbal tomorrow.

        ( ? )    Are the going to play Footbal tomorrow ?

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II.  SOAL       
1.      Mr. Ali       : It was such a good presentation.
                                  Who is she ?
            Mr. Burhan               : That’s my new secretary.
            Mr. Ali        : Tell me more a bout her.
            Mr. Burhan               : Well, she types well and ............ three languages very well.
a.   has spoken              b.  his spoken            c.  is speaking               d.  speaks
                                                       
2.         Tri       : Hi Reza, have you got any plans on Sunday ?
    Reza   : Yes, I’m going to go to the bookshop, and you ?
    Tri       : Hm, I ......... my favorite tailor tomorrow. I want to have a pair of trousers sewn.
       
a.  will visit                    b.  visit                       c.  have visited             d.  visited
                                       
3.         Dinda         : How about my new dress, mom ?
            Mother       : Don’t wory.Your father  ...........  a lovely evening dress for you.
            Dinda         : Really ? Why didn’t he tell me ?
            Mother       : It will be a surprise, won’t it ?
       
a.  has bought          b.  haven’t bought          c.  isn’t buying          d.  was buying
                         
4.      Carla          : What do you plan to do next Sunday ?
    Sherly         : Nothing.What about you ?
    Carla          : I .......... the zoo. Would you like to join me ?
    Sherly         : Sure. Thank you.
a.  am going to visit       b.  visit           c.  have visited        d.  visited
                                                       
5.         Dinda         : There’s West Life show in Senayan.    ............ to see it, mom ?
            Mother       : I’m afraid not. It will be very crowded, and it’s dangerous for a young girl like you.
           
                a.  Did you go               b.  Can Igo                 c.  Will you go           d.  Do you go
                       
6.         Mario         : Are you free this evening ?. Let’s go to Mona’s house.
            Yayuk        : I’m sorry, I can’t. I must help my mother to sew a dress.
            Mario         : Is your mother a dressmaker ?
            Yayuk        : Yes, I ........... help her.
            Mario         : I’m sure that you will be a good dressmaker latter.
            Yayuk        : I hope so.
       
a.  seldom                      b.  never                     c.   always                     d.   hardly ever
7.         A : What did the museum guide do ?
            B : He ........... us very beautiful things.
       
a.  shows                        b.  showed.                c.  will show                   d.  is showing
       
8.         Andi           : People may not cut down trees in the forest carelessly. Why, sir ?
            Mr. Boan   : Will, if we don’t protect our fores’t, we .......... them.
       
            a.  will lose                     b.  would lose          c.  lost                              d.  lose
9.         Mr. Jack    : What will you in the factory tomorrow ?
            Mr. Bakrie : I ........... a new machine.
           
a.  Operated                  b.  Operate                c.  am operated            d.  will operate
 
10.      Rino           : Where is daddy, mommy ?
          Mother       : He is in the living room. He ........... news on TV.
           
a.  Watches                   b.  Watched              c.  will watch                 d.  is watching
11.      Yusniar      : I plan to see The Ghost with Tina.
          Supriadi     : When ................. it ?
           
a.  did you want to see     b.   have you seen   c.  are you going to see    d.  were going to see
12.      Maya         : How often do you go to the cinema ?
            Lina            : ............... Every Saturday.
           
            a.  Some times              b.  Seldom                 c.  Once a week           d.  Everyday
                       
13.      A :               I saw you in Marto Supermarket yesterday.    What did you buy there ?
          B :               Well, I ............ soap, toothpaste and shampoo.
           
a.  bought                      b.  buy                        c.  was buying               d.  have bought
       
                                     
14.      Faiz             : What does Samsul plan to do after the coming samester test ?
           Wiwit          : He ............ his school holiday with us.
           
a.  Spend                       b.  spent                     c.  has spent                  d.  will spend
15.      Teacher     : Did you enjoy your vacation, boys and girls ?
            Sandy        : Yes, sir. I .......... to Singapore.
            Adnan        : Did you ?
            Sandy        : Yes.
           
   a.  go                              b.  will go                   c.  went                          d.  am going
                                                       
16.      The room was dirty when I left it. It is clean now.    Someone ................ it.
           
a.  cleans                       b.  cleaned                 c.  is cleaning                d.  has cleaned
                               
17.      We went to the movie last nigth, and I thought ..............
           
a.  the film is good.        b.  the film was good.        c.  it is a good film.        d.  it will be a good film.
                               
18.      Mr. John .............. English last nigth.
           
a.  study                         b.  studying               c.  studied                      d.  will study
19.      .............. they go to Puncak next week ?
           
a.  Do                             b.  Will                        c.  Did                             d.  Does
       
20.      After playing Football, the boys ................... sleepy yesterday.
           
            a.  was                            b.  were                      c.  is                                d.  are
       
21.      Susianti ............. Mathematics tomorrow.
           
            a.  studied                      b.  was studying       c.  will study                  d.  studying
       
22.      Who comes here .............. ?
           
            a.  yesterday                 b.  last week              c.  everyday                  d.  tomorrow
23.      While my father ............... the newspaper, my mother was cooking.
           
      a.  reading                     b.  were reading        c.  ready                         d.  was reading
24.      Cats ............... fish.
           
       a.  likes                           b.  like                        c.  liked                          d.  will like
             
 
25.      Maya .............. in this city for 10 yeard.
           
  a.  lives                          b.  is living                 c.  have lived                d.  has been living
26.      Susi is still sick, but I hope she ..............  better now.
           
a.  would                     b.  got                         c.  is getting                   d.  has been getting
       
27.      Murwanto ............... in Surabaya at the moment.
           
         a.  was                            b.  is                            c.  was being                 d.  wiil be
28.      Jhony         : May I borrow your newspaper ?
            Zuhaeda    : I’m sorry, my sister .............. it.
  a.  has been reading           b.  is reading                        c.  will read          d.  was reading
                       
29.      Iin               : Can you come to mybirthday party tomorrow ?
          Zaki            : Sure, I ................                                                                                                                       
           
            a.  am          b.  do          c.  will          d.  did
30.      Please be quiet. The baby .................
           
            a.  is sleeping.           b.  sleeps.                        c.  slept.          d.  was sleeping.
31.      The stars ............... at night.
           
a.  come out          b.  came out                       c.  will come out          d.  were coming out
32.      Nizam .............. in his room when has mother came in.
           
            a.  was studying           b.  studied          c.  studies          d.  will study
       
33.      Our children .............. to an international school Pondok Indah.
           
            a.  go           b.  is going          c.  goes          d.  has gone
34.      At present, Mr. Zulasmi ............... on a road project.
           
            a.  is worked           b.               work          c.  is working           d.  will work
       
35.      Mr. Giri has to make at report ................
           
            a.  yesterday.          b.               now          c.  last nigth.          d.  two days ago.
       
36.      My family and I ............... a comedy at present.
           
            a.  are watched           b.  are watching          c.   watch           d.   watched
       
37.      They arrived at home while the servant ...................
           
            a.  was cooking.           b.  cooked. .        c.   is cooking          d.  cooks.
                                                               
38.      At 7 yesterday morning, Nina ................. a latter.
           
            a.  will type          b.  typing          c.  was typing          d.  is typing
39.      Yesterday, the students ................... English.
           
            a.  are studying          b.  were studied           c.   study          d.   studied
       
40.      While I was taking a bath, my children ................ TV.
           
            a.   watch           b.  were watching          c.  was watching           d.  will  watch
41.      Are you going  to play Tennis ................ ?
           
            a.  tomorrow.                       b.  yesterday          c.  last week.          d.  every day
                                .
42.      Please .................. on time.
           
            a.  be come           b.  come          c.  coming          d.  be coming
                                                               
43.      Let’s .................... English.
           
            a.  speak           b.  speaking          c.  spoke           d.  speaks
                                               
44.      I ............... here since 9 o’clock.
           
         a.  was wait                       b.  have been waiting           c.  was waiting           d.  wait
                               
45.      My frientd, Mr. Sofyan,didn’t come to my wedding party because I ........... to invite him.
           
            a.  forgot           b.  forget           c.  will forget          d.  have forgotten
46.      Mrs. Dahlia can not ................ a report today.
           
            a.  made           b.  making          c.  make           d.   makes
                                                               
47.      Listen ! Puti ............. in the bathroom.
           
            a.  is singing                        b.  was singing          c.  sings          d.  sing
                                               
48.      Subai          : Have you .................... the film Spiderman ?
            Julasmi      : Yes, I have, twice.
           
            a.  see          b.  saw          c.   seen          d.  seeing
                                                       
49.      Mrs. Sofrida ................ a latter for one hour.
           
            a.  types           b.   has been typing          c.  typed           d.  is typing
                                               
50.      My mother was cooking when my father ...............
           
            a.  came.          b.  comes.          c.  come.          d. was coming
       
51.      Rinus          : Have you ever gone to Malaysia ?
          Nurhayati    : Yes, I have                                                                                                 Rinus          : When ............ there ?
          Nurhayati    : Two months ago.
    a.  do you go          b.  will you go          c.  were you going           d.   did you go
                         
52.      Sofniza      : What will you do next week ?
            Zulfiar        : I ............. to Bali.
   
    a.  go          b.went          c.   will go          d.   was going
                                                       
53.      Ihsan          : Where is your mother ?
            Irvan          : She ............. in the kitchen.
   
    a.  .is cooking           b.was cooking           c.  will cook          d.  cooked
                       
54.          Wilson has been writing the latter since 10 o’clock.
   This sentence means :
           
a.  He is still writing.       b.  He is not writing anymore.         c.  He will write.      d.  He stops writing
   
           
55.      Rina           : Next week, I ........... to the zoo.  Would you like to join me ?
            Cepi            : No, thank you.
           
            a.  am going to go          b.  was going          c.   have gone            d.  was going
         
     
56.      My mother ............. in Jakarta for 20 years.
           
            a.  living           b.  live          c. has been living           d.  will live
       
                                       
57.        Mr. Jack    : The presenter is very good.  Who is he ?
            Mr. Iwan   : He is my brother.
            Mr. Jack    : Tell me more about him.
            Mr. Iwan   : He is very good and ................ two languages fluently.
           
            a.  has spoken           b.  will speak          c.  is speaking          d.  can speak
     
                 
58.      While Ismed .............. English, Anin was cooking in the kitchen.
           
            a.  were studying           b.  was studying           c. study           d.  will study
             
                 
59.      Jeni            : What did the guide do ?
          Pertiwi        : He ............. us very beautiful things.
           
            a.  showed            b.  shows           c.  is showing           d,  will show
     
                         
60.      I .............. my money yesterday.
           
            a.  lose          b.  lost          c.  losing          d.          will lose
           
                                   
61.      Mrs. Khadijah : What will you do in the factory tomorrow ?
            Zaky             : I .......... a new machine.
           
            a.  operate           b.  operated          c.  will operating           d.           am going to operate
   
                                   
62.      Roni           : Where is mommy, daddy ?
            Father        : She is in the living room. She........... news on TV.
           
            a.  watched          b.   watches          c.  watched          d.  is watching
63.      Sigit            : How do you go to your office, Wanda ?
            Wanda       : By motorcycle, but yesterday I .......... to the office by bus because I got the flat tire.
           
            a.  go          b.went          c.  have gone           d.  will go
   
                                                   
64.      Mr. Yahya : I plan to see Ada Apa dengan Cinta with Yeni, my doughter.
            Husni         : When .............. it ?
a.  have you seen   b.  did you want to see   c. are you want to see   d. are you going to see
65.      Luna          : How often do you go to the mall ?
            Maya         : ................., every Sunday.
           
            a.  Seldom          b.  Sometime                       c.   Everyday           d.  Once a week
               
66.      Kris             : I saw you in Giant yesterday.   
                                  What did you buy there ?
            Dayanti     : Well, I ........... toothpaste.
           
            a.  buy          b.  bought          c.               was buying           d.   have bought
       
    67.      Anti            : I ............... a new bag for you yesterday.  Here it is.
                Father        : It’s so nice. Thank you very much.
                Anti            : Anytime.
   
a.  buy           b.  bought          c.  will buy          d.  buying
68.      Jamal         : What a lovely bag !                                                                                                               
            Mirdad       : Thank you, I .............. it myself.
            Jamal         : Did you ?
            Mirdad       : Yes, I did.
            a.  make           b.  made           c.  am making          d.  was making
         
69.      Dinda           : What about my new dress, mother ?
            Mother       : Don’t worry. You father ............ a lovely dress for you.
            Dinda         : Really ? Why didn’t you tell me ?
            Mother       : It will be a surprise, won’t it ?
            a.  .haven’t bought          b.  has bought          c.   isn’t buying           d.  was buying
                       
70.   Laswita : There’s Krisdayanti show in Senayan.      ............to see it, Rosa ?
       Rasa     : I’ afraid not. It will be very crowded, and it is dangerous for a young girl like me.
a.  Did you go           b.  Will you go           c.  Were you going           d.   Have you gone
                                       
71.      Rahmat     : Are you free this evening ? Let’s go to Ari’s house.
            Dini             : I’m sorry I can’t. I must  help my mother sew a dress.
            Rahmat     : Is you mother a dress maker ?
            Dini             : Yes, I ………….. help her.
            Rahmat     : I’m sure that you will be a good dressmaker someday.
            Dini             : I hope so.
            a.  never           b.  seldom          c.          hardly ever          d.  always
                                                       
72.      The sun ……….. in the West.
            a.  rises           b.  rise          c.  set          d.  sets
                                                               
73.      Alex            : Did you enjoy your vacation, Amir ?
            Amir           : Yes, I ……….. to Malaysia.
            a.  go          b.  went          c.   wull go          d.  am going
                                                       
74.      Sahmullah : Have you read the newspaper ?
            Yasmin      : Yes, I hape.
            Sahmullah : When did you read it ?
            Yasmin      : ……………
            a.  Now.          b.  Tomorrow.          c.  Last night          d.  Next week
                               
75.      Ebiet           : How do you feel now ?
            Ade             : I feel better. I have hada blood test.
            Ebiet           : Have you got the result ?
            Ade             : Not yet. The doctor …………. me when it’s ready. 
            a.  tells          b.  will tell          c.   is telling           d.   told
                                                       
76.      Dian           : Welcome home. How was your holiday ?
          Sostro         : It was wonderful. I really enjoyed it. I spent 2 days in puncak.
                              It’s very beautiful there.
          Dian           : I …………. there twice. I plan togo there again next week.
    a.  have been           b.  will be          c.  am          d.  was
   
                                   
77.      When I …………. at home, Mr. Murwanto was reading a book.
            a.  arrived           b.  arrive          c.  am arriving           d.  will arrive
         
78.      There is someone waiting for you.  She ………... there for more then three hours.
            a.  has been sitting           b.  sits          c.  sit           d.  is sitting
       
                                                       
79.      Ali    : What city did you visit 2 months ago ?
              Ani   : I …………… to Solo.
                a.  will go          b.  go                         c.   went           d.  am going
                                                       
80.      Ria              : Has Mrs. Yayuk ……….. your class for class observation ?
            Irawan       : Not yet.
            a.  visit            b.  visiting           c.  visited           d.  visits
                                                       
81.      Look ! Delon ………… a song.
            a.  sings          b.  is singing          c.  has sung            d.  sing                                                                             
82.     Joni             : What will you do next month ?
         Astrid          : I …………… climbing the mountain.
  a.  go           b.  will go          c.  went           d.   have                                                         
83.      Taufik Hidayat always ……………. Every morning.
            a.  practise           b.  practising          c.  practises           d.  practised
                                               
84.      My mother has ………….. the regards to you.
            a.  send           b.  sending          c.  sent           d.  been send
                                                               
85.     The sun ……………… in the East.
            a.  rise                         b.  rose          c.  rises           d.  rising
                                                               
86.     ………….. you sad ?
                a.  Do          b.  Does           c.  Is           d.  Are
                                                               
87.      I remember …………. Sugar tomorrow.
            a.  buy            b.  buying           c.  bought           d.  to buy
                                               
88.     Baby will become doctor.  The negative sentence is ...................
            a.   Baby will became a doctor.             c.   Will baby become a doctor ?
            b.   Baby will not become a doctor           d.   Baby will not becomes doctor.
       
89.      Mice ................ animal.
            a.  is          b.  was           c.  will be          d.  are
                                               
90.      You belong to me.   Change the sentence into interrogative :
            a.  Are you belong to me ?     c.             Do you belong to me ?
            b.  Can you belong to me ?    d.             Did you belong to me ?
       
91.      What are you ................ ?
            a.   writing          b.  write          c.  wrote           d.  written
                                                               
92.      Mrs. Margo ................ English at LIA since 1990.
            a.  teach            b.  teaches          c.  taught            d.  has taught
                                               
93.      While Aldi and Andi ............. the street, they saw an accident.
            a.  were crossing          b.  was crossing          c.  cross           d.  crossed
                                               
94.      The students studied English in the classroom yesterday.    The negative sentence is :
            The students .................. English in the classroom yesterday.
    a.  do not study           b.   not study          c.  didn’t studied           d.  didn’t study
                       
95.      Did you like thet film ?
            a.  Yes, I did           b.  Yes, I do             c.  No, I did           d.  Yes, I didn’t
                                               
96.      Yunita        : I ............... home at 9 o’clock last night.
            a.  come          b.  coming          c.  came           d.  will come
                               
97.      We have been .............. English for one hour.
            a.  study          b.  studied          c.  studying           d.  studies
98.      How often ................. Tennis every week ?
          a.  did you play           b.  will you play          c.  do you play           d.  did you played
                               
99.      Dimas was listening to the radio while Mrs. Ani .............. the paper.
            a.  type          b.  typed             c.   types            d.  was typing
                               
100.        You father  is in his room. He .............. there.
            a.   was sleeping           b.  will sleeping          c.  is sleep          d.  is not sleeping
                                               
101.    The doctor is going to ............... soon.
            a.  come           b.  came            c.  coming           d.  comes
                               
102.    Susi             : Where does Mr. Pasaribu live ?
            Yanti          : He ............... in Kelapa Gading.
a.  live          b.  living          c.  lives           d.  lived
                                                   
103.    My teeth ................. white.
            a.  was           b.  is          c.  are           d.  has been
                                               
104.    Lisa            : How often do you join your English course ?                                                                   
            Magda       : ............... a week, on Monday and Wednesday.
a.  Once           b.  Twice          c.  Three time           d.   Four time
                                                   
105.    Mrs. Sigit   : Do you want to be a swimmer ?
            Anita          : Yes, I do.
            Mrs. Sigit   : Why ?
            Anita          : Because I ................ swimming.
a.  don’t like           b.  dislike          c.   hate           d.  like
                                   
106.    Maybe my mother ................. buy some fruits in Hypermart tomorrow.
            a.  are going to          b.  are not going to          c.  is going to           d.  is
                               
107.    Yasmin      : Did you see a snake in the garden yesterday ?
            Saiful      : No, I didn’t
            Yasmin    : Where did you see it ?
            Saiful      : I ................. it in the terrace.
a.  see          b.  will see           c.  saw           d.  am going to see
                                   
108.    Susi          : What did Mr. Muslimin buy ?
          Silvianti     : He .............. a new car.
a.  bought           b.  buy           c.  buys           d.  is buying
                                   
109.    Some teachers .................. in that schoolat this moment.
            a.  taught            b.  are teaching          c.  have taught          d.  have been teaching
                                               
110.    I saw many people here .............
            a.  now          b.  yesterday          c.  tomorrow            d.  everyday
                               
111.    Timi            : How about your plan for the next summer holiday, Tya ?
            Aditya        : I ................ to America.
            Timi            : Great. Can I join you ?   
            Aditya        : Yes, but you have to pay the ticket yourself.
a.  am going to go           b.  have gone          c.  go           d.  went
                                   
112.    Everyday, I ................ at  6  o’clock, but yesterday I .................. at  9  o’clock.
         a.  woke up–wake up       b.  wake up–woke up    
         c.  waking up–wake up    d.  woke up – waking up
                               
113.    If the weather is clear and sunny, we ................. swimming.
            a.  have gone          b.  will go          c.  go          d.  wearing
                                               
114.    The students .................. their homework yet.
            a.  hasn’t done          b.  haven’t done          c.  has done           d.  have done
                   
115.    Last year, Indonesia ................... rice to Brunai.
            a.  will export          b.  export          c.  exported           d.  is exporting
                                               
116.    Listen ! The teacher .................... the lesson.
            a.  explains          b.  explained          c.  is explaining           d.  was explaining
                               
117.    I am very thirsty because I ................. from my house.
            a.  am running          b.  have run          c.  was running           d.  am going to run
                               
118.    Mr. Imran ................... English in the classroom now.
            a.  was teaching          b.  has taught          c.  is teaching           d.  is going to teach
                   
119.    Mrs. Muslimin ................. at the bus stop since four o’clock.
a.  is standing           b.  was standing           c.  has been standing           d.  will be standing
                               
120.    My maid ................. the floor already.
         a.  has swept           b.  is sweeping          c.  was sweeping           d.  is going to sweep
                   
121.    S      : I’ve got a terrible headache.
            K     : Have you ? wait a minute, I ................. an aspirin for you.
            a.  get          b.  got           c.  will get          d.  was getting
122.    My Father became a lawyer in 1985. He is still a lawyer until now.
            So, my father ................... a lawyer since 1985.
a.  Was          b.  had to be          c.  has to be          d.  has been                                             
123.    Puti ................. a latter when her mother came home.
            a.  is going to write           b.  has written          c.  is writing          d.  was writing
                                               
124.    Rosa   : Yesterday morning, my mother saw you in the market. What did you buy there ?
          Atika  : I ................... a head of cabbage.
                a.  buy         b.  bought          c.  am buying           d.  will buy
                                   
125.      A.   : Why did Puji come here ?
            B.    : She came here ................. her cousin.
            a.  visit          b.  visits          c.  to visit          d.  visiting

===================================================================
   QUESTION WORD    ( BAB   II )
I.   TEORI
        Question words adalah prtanyaan yang menanyakan informasi, misalnya    who ( siapa ),    where   (kemana / dimana ).
        Quistion words yang sering dipakai digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris adalah :
a.       -     Who=untuk orang ( subjek ).              h. How old=berapa usia
-     Whom=untuk orang ( obyek ).                 How old are you now ?  
•         Who came here yesterday ?                        I am  sixteen                                                                      Ø  She did.
  i.   How much=berapa banyak (uncountable)
•         Who is that woman ?                                                          Contoh :               
Ø     She is my sister.                                                        How much milk do you drink ?
                                                                                             I drink a little milk
•         Whom do you love ?
Ø     I love my mother.                                             j.   How many=berapa banyak ( countable ).
                                                                                    Contoh :
•         Whom are you woman talking to ?                        how many books do you have ?
Ø  I am talking to my teacher.                                        I have only one book
                                                                                               
b.     Where=untuk tempat (kemana/dimana)          k.   How tall=berapa tinggi.
       Contoh :                                                                Contoh :
•         Where are you going ?                                        How tall are you ?
Ø  I am going to my school.                                           I am 1.70 meters
                                                                                           
•         Where were you born ?                                 l.   How high=berapa tinggi ( untuk benda )
Ø  I was born in Solo.                                                   Contoh :
                                                                                   How high is the building ?
c.     When=kapan                                                      It is 117 meters high.
        Contoh :       
•         When will you come ?                                  m.  How far=berapa jauh
Ø  I will come next week.                                            Contoh :
                                                                                   How far is Bandung from Jakarta ?
•         When were you born ?                                       It is about 200 kilometers
Ø  I was born in 1970.
                                                                             n.     How long=berapa lama
d.     Why=alasan.                                                        Contoh :
        Contoh :                                                                How long do you need to type this letter ?
•         Why do you study English ?                                  I only need 10 minutes
Ø  To get a good score.
                                                                            o.    How deep=berapa dalam.
•         Why did he come late ?                                       Contoh :
Ø  Because hee- overslept.                                            How deep is that rivers ?
                                                                                     About 10 meters.
e.     Which=yang mana (pilihan)
        Contoh :                                                        p.   How often=berapa kali
•         Which one do you like ?                                      Contoh :
Ø  I like the green bag.                                                 How often do you go to school in one week?
                                                                                        I go to may school 7 times a week.
f.     Whose=kepunyaan                                                                 
        Contoh                                                         q.    How soon=kapan
•         Whose  book is that:                                           Contoh :
Ø  It is Rina’s book.                                                     How soon you will come ?
Ø  It is her book.                                                          Tomorrow.
Ø  It is hers.
g.     How =keadaan
        Contoh :
•         How is your mother ?
Ø She is fine.

====================================================================
II.           SOAL
1.     Rahmat         : Do you sell apples here ?
        Shopkeepr     : Yes,............. do you want to buy ?
        Rahmat         : Ten apples, please !
a.       What           b.  Which          c.  How much          d.  How many
                                        .             
2.     Matthew        :  .................. water do you drink everyday ?
        Alek                : Only six glasses.
a.       What           b.  Which          c.  How much          d.  How many
                                                       
3      Rini                 :  .................. have you been here ?
        Rahmawati   : More than 2 hours.
a.       How far          b.  How long          c.  How often          d.  How many
4.     Ajeng             : .................. wereyou born ?
        Meiko            : In 1979.
a.       Where           b.    When            c.     What         d.    Why
5.     Lili                  : ................. are you fond of ?
        Thomas         : I am fond of swimming.
a.       Where          b.  When          c.  Way          d.  What
6.     Sahal              : ................. do you study English ?
        Chadijah       : To get a goot career.
a. Why               b.     When            c.     Where      d.    What
7.     Tri                   : ................. do you work now ?
        Dewo              : In the hospital. I am a doctor.
a. Why               b.     When            c.     Where      d.    What
8.     Boby              : ................. did Buhari come late ?
        Mrs. Ani         : He oversleps and missed the bus.
a. When              b.     Where           c.     Why         d.     How
9.     A     : ................... are you ?
        B     : 1.70 meters.
        a.     How did          b.    How tall        c.    How big         d.         How often
                                               
10.  Nizam            : .................... does your mother do ?
        Zaki                : She is a housewife.
a. Where              b.    Why                 c.     What             d.    When
11.  Ririn               : .................... do you go to school everyday ?
        Nisa                : By bus.
a. How much            b.     How many           c.     How        d.     How often
12.  Ari                   : .................... do you to play Tennis ?
        Laso               : Twice a week. Friday and Sunday.
a. How tall              b.     How long                 c.     How often          d.     How much
13.  X     : How will Febri go to London ?
        Y     : ......................
        a.     At 7 o‘clock.         b.     By plane                c.    Tomorrow          d.     To study English
                                .
14.  Dwi                 : .................... bag do you want ?
        Wawan          : The red one.
a.    Which                 b.   When               c.   Where            d.   Whose
                                                       
15.  Mrs. Sigit       : .................... book is that ?
        Mrs. Yayu     : Mine.
a.    Which                 b.   Whose c.     When             d.     Where
                                                       
16.  Kris                 : My aunt bought me 2 bags, and I want to give you one.
        Dayanti         : Oh, thank you very much.
        Kris                 : You are welcome. But ................. one do you choose ?
        Dayanti         : The blue one, Please .
a. What                 b.     Whose                c.     Which          d.     Whom                                                  
17.  Kris                 : When will Susi come here ?
        Patih               : ............................
a. Yesterday          b.     Tomorrow        c.     Two weeks ago         d.     In 1987
18.  Wilson            : ................ water do you need to water the flowers ?
        Rini                 : Only some pails
a. How many         b.     How much        c.     How high           d.     How often
19.  Anti                : Where do you want to work Tambun ?
        Rambun        : I’d like to work in Bandung.
        Anti                : .........................
        Rambun        : Because I have a sister there.
a. How ?                 b.     When ?                c.     Why ?               d.     Where ?
20.  A     : ..................... is that man ?
        B     : Ikhsan ; the winner of Indonesian Idol
        a.     Where                  b.     Whom                 c.     Who           d.     When
               
21.  X     : .................... did Roy bring to Solo ?
        Y     : He brought a camera and a guitar.
        a.     Where                    b.     What                   c.     When               d.      How
                               
22.  John               : What day do you study English ?
        Lennon          : .....................
a. In Januari              b.     At 7 o’clock        c.     On Saturday           d.     In 2008
                       
23.  Olga                : .................... is your house ?
        Lidya             : 200 square meters.
a. How tall                 b.     How big               c.     How ofyten            d.     How old
                                       
24.  A     : ................... is you mother’s hair like ?
        B     : Her hair is curly.
        a.     What                b.     Who                    c.     Whom                     d.     How
                                               
25.  X     : ...................... does your father do ?
        Y     : He is postman. He delivers letters.
        a.     Where              b.     What               c.     How               d.    Who
26.  Imaniar         : ................... did you spend your holiday ?
        Isni                 : In  Bali.             
Imaniar         : How did you get there ?
Isni                 : By plane.
a.       How                    b.What                    c.    How much                 d.     Where
27.  Ali                   : ................... milk do you drink everiday ?
        Akbar             : A glass.
a.       How much            b.    How many             c.    How tall              d.    How old
28.  A     : .................... wallet is that on the table ?
        B     : I think it is hers.
        a.     Who               b.     Whose            c.     Which            d.     Whom
29.  X     : ................... time do you need to do this homework ?
        Y     : 30  minuts.
        a.     How long               b.     How far                 c.     How much            d.     How many
30.  Matthew        : ...................  times do you play Tennis a week ?
        Nadya                            : Twice a week.
a.       How much            b.     How many           c.     How long               d.     How far
31.  Ijul                  :Your campus is not far from your house, so how do you get there ?
        Jonli                : .....................
a.       By plane                b.     On foot                c.     By ship           d.      By watching TV
32.  Yusup            : ..................... types this lettres ?
        Nurul              : My mother does.
a.       Whon             b.    Who             c.     When             d.     Which
                                                                                                                                                                           
33.  A     : ................ make you happy in your life ?
        B     : Success.
        a.     Who               b.     Whom            c.     What               d.    Which
34.  Meiko            : ................... were you born ?
        Nova              : In Tegal.
a.       When              b.     Where             c.     What               d.     Why
35.  Aminah         : ................. do you visit your grandma in the hometown ?
        Taufik            : Only on Lebaran Day. Once a year.
a.       When              b.     How fast                  c.    How big              d.    How long
36.  A     : ................... do we often read ?
        B     : In order to get knowledge.
        a.     Where             b.    Why               c.    Where                 d.     Who
37.  Mr. John        : .................. will the train leave ?
        Mrs.Zuhaida : Immediately.
       a.       How soon              b.     How far              c.     How fast          d.     How long
38.  Maria             : I want to buy bags, please ?
        Shopkeeper   : ................. . The red one or the blue one ?
Maria             : The red one is better.
a.   What do you sell ?                 c.   Why do you like the bag ?  
b.   Which do you prefer ?           d.   What do you want to do ?
39.  Yasri               : Can you help me ? I want to buy a bookfor me son.
        Shopkeeper   : Sure. You can look at our collection on the secoand floor.
        Yasri               : Ok. Wow, all the books are nice here.
        Shopkeeper   : ................. do you like, sir ?
        Yasri               : The thick one.
a.       How many             b.    How much             c.    What kind            d.    Which one
40.  Cepi                : Hi Rina, I heard that Mrs. Sofrida delivered a baby.    .................
        Rina               : Three kilos
        Cepi                : Really ? The baby must be cute.
a.   How tall is the baby?           c.   How much does the baby weigh?
b.   How long is the baby?         d.   How is the baby?
41.  Father            : ..................... is the matter ?
        Son                 : I cut my finger.
        Father            : Please be careful. The knife is very sharp.
a.       Who              b.    What             c.     Where             d.     How
42.  Boss               : You are good employee. You never come late. .............. is your house from here ?
        Employee      : Very near . Only 300 meters from the office.
a.       How tall            b.     How far             c.     How soon             d.     How often
43.  Mrs. Ani         : .................... is Satria ?
        Mr. Tridewo  : 168 centimeters.
a.       How long           b.     How often              c.     How tall          d.    How far.
44.  X     : ................... do you thing about Fatimah ?
        Y     : She is very beautiful and dever.
        a.     Who             b.    Where               c.     What              d.     Why
       
45.  Anjasmara    : I am sorry for coming late.   ..................... have you been here ?
        Dian               : 30 minutes.
a.       How soon             b.    How long             c.    How soon           d.     How big
46.  Anita              : ..................... do you come late ?
        Fauzi              : I got up late because my mother was sick.
a.       When            b.    What time               c.    Why           d.     How
47.  Ismail             : ..................... will you do, mom ?
        Mother           : I want to make a dress for you.
a.       Who            b.    What              c.    How soon               d.    Why
                                                                                                                                                                           
48.  Pratiwi            : .....................  is you mother ?
        Erna               : She is at work.
a.       Who            b.    Where             c.     When             d.     Which
49.  Mother           : .................. do you feel today ?
        Suryani          : I feel happy.
        a.     What        b.    How        c.      When          d.    Where
50.  A         : ................. did you finish your hoemwork yesterday ?
        B         : At 8 o’clock
        a.     Where              b.     What time                 c.    How              d.     How long
51.  Father            : ................... will you take up your national Examination ?
Doni               : Next year.
a. Where           b.    What             c.     Why          d.    When
52.  Nani               : ................... is you faher ?
        Nina               : 60 years old.
a. ow old               b.    How tall              c.    How soon             d.     How big
53.  Epi                  : ................... Pacific Ocean ?
        Mr. Fadholi   : Is it 300 meters.
       a.  How long         b.  How far        c.  How deep       d. How much
54.  Heidy             : .................. will the doctor come ?
        Yunus            : In twenty minutes.
a.   How deep          b.   How many          c.   How soon         d.   How often
55.  Diana             : .................. do you sing in thet café, Wilson ?
        Nasution        : Three timeS a week.
a.   How soon          b.   How         c.   How often          d.   How deep
56.  A     : ................... are you doing ?
        B     : I’m fine, thank you.
        a.   What          b.   How          c.   Where          d.   Why
       
57.  X     : .................. do you do ?
        Y     : Nice to meet you.
        a.  How          b.  What         c.  Where         d.  Why
       
58.  Puti                 : .................... are you doing ?
        Sabai              : I am typing a letter now.
a.  How          b. What          c.  Where          d.  When
                                       
59.  Mita               : ..................  do you do ?
        Margareth     : I am a singer.
        a.   What          b.  How          c.  How often          d.  How deep
60.  Alexandra     : ..................  did you sleep last night.
        Meidi              : Eight hours; from 10 pm to 6 am.
a. How long          b.  How far         c.  How tall         d.  How big
61.  Wiwin is in the elactronic store, buying an electronic fan.
        Shop assistant : Well, .................  do you want to buy ?
        Wiwin               : That’s all.
a.       Which one           b.  How many           c.  What size         d.  What else
62.  Rina               : Hi Jane, I heard that your sister gave birt to a son.  ................................
        Jane                                : Three and a half  kilos
        Rina               : Really ? He must be a healthy baby.
a.       How much does he weigh ?       b.  How old is he ?          
        c.       How cute is he ?                       d.  How tall is he
63.  A     : ..................  will the train leave ?
        B     : Immediately.
        a.     How often           b.  How soon          c.  How far           d.  How fast
       
                                                                                                                                                                                   
64.  Tini                 : I need apan to boil eggs.
        Mira               : ........................ do you want ?
        Tini                 : The big one.
        Mira               : Oh, It is under the table.
a.       Which one          b.  Where            c.  When           d.  How
65.  X     : ..................  did you walk this morning ?
        Y     : Up to the T- junction.
        a.     How often           b.  How quick           c.  How far          d.  How fast
66.  Mrs. Hadi      : Where do you live here ?
        Joko               : In Tanjung Priok.                                                             
        Mrs.Hadi       : ............................                 
        Joko               : I work in INDOSAT as a mechanic.
a.   What are you doing ?      b.  What is your job ?        
        c.  How do you do ?      d.  Wha do you make ?
       
67.  X    : ..................do you ussually go to the movies ?
Y    : Once a month
a.     How fast.          b.  How many          c.  How soon             d.  How often

==============================================================

PRONOUN  ( BAB  III )

I.    TEORI
       
        Pronoun berasal dari kata pro yang berarti untuk dan noun yang berarti kata benda. Jadi kata pronoun adalah untuk kata benda atau penggati kata benda.

        Pronoun dibedakan atas :

1.       Personal Pronoun ( kata ganti orang ). Personal Pronoun terdiri dari Subjective Pronoun, Objective Pronoun, Possessive Adjective, Possessive Pronoun dan Reflexive Pronoun.

Subjective
Pronoun
Objective
Pronoun
Possessive
Adjective
Possessive
Pronoun
Reflexive
Pronoun
I
Me
My
Mine
Myself
You
You
Your
Yours
Yourself
He
Him
His
His
Himselt
She
Her
Her
Hers
Herself
It
It
Its
-
Itself
We
Us
Our
Ours
Ourselves
They
Them
Their
Theirs
Themselves

2.       Indefinite Pronoun ( kata ganti tak tentu )
        Contoh :
Ø  somebody, someone   ( seseorang ).
Ø  everybody, everyone   ( setiap orang ).
Ø  no, one, nobody   ( tak seorang pun ).
Ø  something  ( sesuatu ),   everything   ( segala sesuatu ),    nothing  ( tak satupun ).
Ø  both / both of   ( keduanya ).
Ø  every, each / each of   ( masing – masing ).
Ø  all / all of   ( semua ).
Contoh :
       a.     I thing there is someone in front the door.
       b.     Everybody needs food and water live.
       c.     All of the students are happy.
       d.     I am bored; there is nothing to do.

3.       Demonstrative Pronoun ( kata ganti tunjuk )
        Contoh :
                This is a book
                These are books
                That is a book
                Those are a books
                I like this one. I don’t like that one.
Ø  This    ( ini=singular )
Ø  These   ( ini=plular )
Ø  That    ( ini=singular )
Ø  Those   ( ini=plular ) 

4.     There is   dan    there are
       
        There biasanya diikuti oleh o be ( is, am, are ) dan  Subjek.
        Contoh :
                There is a book on the table.
                There are some books on the desk.
                There is nobody here.
                There are fifteen students in the class.   
============================================================================

II.  SOAL



1.     I ..................  saw the accident in front of my office.

        a.     me          b.    mine           c.      my self          d.     my

                           

2.     Ithing ................  can speak all languages in the wold.

        a.     everybody         b.      somebody           c.      nobody            d.     anybody

               

3.     Have you got ..............  to drink ?

        a.     someone            b.     everyone           c.     something            d.     everithing

         
4.    X      : Whose bags are on the table ?
        Y     : .........................  his .
        a.     It is              b.    This is             c.     Those are          d.       Those is
               
5.     Teacher     : Do you thing all of you can do this exercise ..................... ?
        Studenst    : We thing so.
a.       your self            b.     yourselves              c.      themselves        d.     himself
                                                         
6.     You and .................... have to do it together.
        a.     me              b.     i             c.    myself              d.     my
       
7.     ..................... student must study hard to pass the exam.
        a.     Every           b.    All            c.     One         d.     A
       
8.     Anita          : Can you see the horses over there ?
        Putu            : No, I can see .......................
  1. him           b.     her         c.     it         d.     them

9.     I am bored because there is .................. to do.
        a.     someone         b.     nothing          c.    no one         d.     evereyone

10.  The women is talking to the boys.
        She is talking to ....................
  1. her            b.    they            c.     she           d.    them

11.  We can see the students and ................... mother
        a.     this            b.     their           c.     her           d.    our
       
12.  Akbar and I are thirsty.  .................. also hungry.
        a.     They are            b.    We are            c.     You are                  d.     She is

13.  ................. are not mine.
        a.     This car              b.    These cars          c.    That car        d.    Those car
       
14.  Anti            : What is that ?
        Puti             : .................
  1. That is pencil         b.    That is pencils          c.    That is a pencils       d.    That is a pencil

15.  These are ................. ; cats, goats,sheep, fish.
        a.     animal           b.     an animal           c.     animals         d.     an animals

16.  Are ...............  houses expensive ?
        a.     that             b.     this            c.     those            d.     they

17.  Which one is correct ?
        a.     These isn’t mine     b.    These aren’t mine        c.    This aren’t mine     d.   These wasn’t mine
       
18.  My friends and I are studying English when Mr. Raga calls ..............
        a.     me         b.     them           c.    us          d.     you
       
19.  Elisabeth   : Hi, nice to meet you. I am Elisabeth. What is .............. name ?
        Lisa            : I am Lisa.
  1. My             b.     your        c.     yours          d.     her
             
20.  That expensive ring is ................
        a.     you          b.    yours            c.     me         d.        my                                                                             
21.  .................. husband’s name is Mr. Horas.
        a.     His             b.     Her              c.      Our           d.    Their
       
22.  I have a cat.  ............... tail is black.
        a.     It            b.    It’s            c.       Their            d.     Its
       
23.  Mr. Ian’s brother studies hard everyday.  .............. is very diligent.
        a.     Mr. Ian             b.    She             c.       He            d.    The gilr
       
24.  Tomorrow, the teacher will give................the test at 10 o’clock.
        a.     we             b.     us             c.     they             d.    it
       
25.  ............... will play football tomorrow.
        a.     You and me            b.    You and I           c.      Me and you           d.     I and you
       
26.  Mr. Edo lives ............. in Jakarta.
        a.     somewhere             b.     nowhere           c.         something          d.     everything
       
27.  In Jakarta, ............... we can see a lot of  tall buildings.
        a.     everything           b.     everybody           c.        everywhere         d.     nowhere
       
28.  Now, no thing is cheap.  ...............is expensive.
        a.     Everithing          b.     Something          c.     Everyone        d.      Someone
       
29.  I see ................. shining on the table. It is a ring.
        a.     something           b.     someone          c.     everything        d.    everyone
       
30.  I am sorry I don’t bring ..............for you from Medan.
        a.     something            b.    everyone          c.    anything         d.     everybody
       
31.  Our teacheris explaining the lesson about Tenses. All students are listening to ..............
        a.     you           b.     me              c.     her           d.     them
       
32.  A     : Do you see Mr. John ?
        B.    : No, I don’t, but I think he must be ................ around here.
        a.     somewhere         b.     anywhere          c.      nowhere         d.          everywhere
       
33.  X     : Where did you go last week ?
        Y     : I didn’t go ............... I stayed at home and watched TV.
        a.     somewhere          b.     anywhere          c.     nowhere          d.      everywhere

34.  I don’t like ............. because ............... are arrogant.
        a.     they – then           b.    them – they       c.      them – their           d.      their – they
         
35.  Mrs. Atik and ............... husband do not work there anymore.
        a.     his              b.      her          c.      our           d.     their
       
36.  If you  want to have a picnic with your family, please bring ................ soap to take a bath.
        a.     any             b.      some             c.       many              d.      a
       
37.  A     : Who will join for a picnic to Puncak ?
        B     : ............... . We have no monay.
        a.     Someone         b.     No one          c.          Everyone         d.      Anyone
               
38.  X     : I went to Mrs. Lili’s house yesterday, but I met ............... there.
        Y     : Did someone tell you where she went ?
        X     : No.
        a.     everything        b.     something          c.      no one       d.     everyone
               
39.  Mr. Ali                : I’d like to book a room for me and my wife.
        Receptionist      : Sorry sir, the room is full.
        Mr. Ali                : Can you help me find another hotel ?
        Receptionist      : Please try Mandarin hotel. Ask .............. who is in charge of the rooms there.
        Mr. Ali                : OK. Thank you
  1. nobody        b.     someone         c.     no one           d.     something
                   
40.  Tono and Toni went to Denpasar last week.  ............... went by plane.
        a.     We                b.     He            c.     They               d.     I                                                                          
41.  If you don’t have a pencil, you can use ...................
        a.     me                b.     I               c.      mine               d.      my
                           
42.  Mr. Jack is a new comer in Jakarta. He dsoesn’t know ................ around his house.
        a.     someone         b.     somebody           c.      anybody       d.      no one
               
43.  I see two boys over there.  ............... are playing marble.
        a.     One of them             b.     Both of them            c.    Each of them        d.     Three of them
               
44.  Our teacher is very strict and easily angry.  ................. is afraid of him.
        a.     someone            b.     No one           c.     Everybody        d.     Nobody

45.  We all went with ................ to the beach.
        a.     us                               b.                     them                           c.     themselves    d.             they


46.  Go with Harry and ............... to the hospital.

a.     I                         b.     they                c.      her                      d.     he  



47.   Almost .................. in my office goes home tat 5 o’clock sharp.

        a.  all          b.  both          c.  everybody          d.  somebody



48.  Arin is ................. young to go to elementary school. She is 3years old.

        a.  very           b.  too          c.  enough          d.  another



49.  ................. in my class studies hard.

        a.  All students          b.  A few students          c.  A lot of students          d.  Every student

50.    ................ of the techer is correcting the students’ examination.
        a.  Every          b.  All          c.  Each          d.  A few

51.  ………... Hanif and Alif are very cute and funny.
        a.  Both          b.  Each          c.  Every          d.  Some

52.  ……….. teachers are to goint Bali next year.
        a.  Every         b.  All           c.  A little          d.  Every

53.  Look, ………… a lizard on the wall.
        a.  There is          b.  There are          c.  These are          d.  Those are

54.  ………... many students in the classroom. They are studying chemistry.
        a.  There are          b.  There is          c.  There was          d.  There were

55.  …………… animals.
        a.  This is          b.  That is          c.  Those are          d.  These is

56.  A     : Why it is so noisy in that room ?.  What’s the matter ?
        B     : Yes …………. Are very famous.
        a.  Allof them          b.  Both of them          c.  Each          d.  Every

57.  A     : Do you know David Becham and his beautyful wife ?
        B     : Yes, ………… are very famous.
        a.  All ot them          b.  Both of them          c.  Each           d.  Every

58.  UN will be next week, …………. Must study hatd to passthe exam.
        a.  Some of the student        b.  All of the teachers        c.  Some of the teacher       d.  all of the studenst 

59.  Iam very sad because …………… likes my painting.
        a.  everybody          b.  everyone          c.  nobody          d.  omebody                                 

60.  Herianda, Ellis, Maryono and Yudibirowo are good students. ……….. can speak English fluently.
        a.  He           b.  She          c.  They           d.  We       

61.  The studnts are in front of the classroom, and the new techer is coming.
        Students        : Are you going to teach ………… mam ?
        Teacher         : Yes, Iam
        a.  us          b.  me          c.  her          d.  them

                                                                                                                                                                                    
62.  Mr. Taufik    : Where will you go next holiday ?
        Mr. Hidayat  : Next holiday ?  No, Iwan’t go ………….. I’ll stay at home.
        a.  anywhere            b.  wherever          c.  everywhere          d.  somewhere

63.  Toni and I have many books.  These books are …………..
        a.  theirs          b.  his          c.  yours          d.  ours

64.  N     : Did you  go to the movie last night ?
        I      : No, I didn’t go ………. I stayed at home.
        a.  everywhere          b.  nowhere          c.  anywhere         d.  somewhere

65.  Everything is expensive in the shop.   ……………  is cheap.
        a.  Nothing          b.  Somebody          c.  Something         d.  Nobody

66.  The students are in the classroom. Mr. Hamid, their math teacher, is teaching ……….. Algebra.
        a.  theirs          b.  them          c.  they          d.  their
===========================================================================


EXPRESSION  OF  QUANTITY   ( BAB   IV )



I.     TEORI



       Expression of quantity adalah ungkapan yang digunakan untuk menunjukan jumlah suatu benda yang dapat dihitung ( countable noun ) dan benda yang tidak dapat dihitung ( uncountable noun ).



           Jenis – jenis  expresion of quantity yang sering digunakan adalah :



1.        Much dan many ( banyak ).

           Much digunakan untuk uncountable, sedangkan many digunakan untuk countable noun.


           Contoh :
           - Mr. Taufik buys much sugar and many books

2.        A little dan a few  ( sedikit ).
           A little / little digunakan uncountable noun, sedangkan a few / few digunakan untuk countable noun.

           Contoh :
           - I have a little tea and a few pens.

3.        A number of  dan number of
           A number of artinya sejumlah, sedangkan the number of artinya jumlah. Mereka diikuti oleh kata    benda countable.

           Contoh :
           - A number of students are studying in that room now ( sejumlah murid sedang belajar di ruang itu   sekarang )
           - The number of students is 30 ( jumlah muridnya 30 ).

4.        Some and any  ( beberapa ).
           Some digunakan untuk kalimat positif, sedangkan any digunakan untuk kalimat negatif. Mereka bisa diikuti oleh kata benda countable dan uncountable.

Contoh :
- She drinksome coffe and eatssome apples.
- She doesn’t drink any coffe and doesn’t eat any apples.

5.        Several  ( beberapa )
Several digunakan hanya untuk countable noun.

Contoh :
- Purnomo teaches several students

6.         A lo of / lots of / plenty of  ( banyak ).
            Mereka bisa digunakan untuk kata benda countable dan uncountable.

            Contoh :
            - Dwi has a lot of  friends.
            - Wawan needs lots of sugar and water.
            - Mr. Muslimin has plenty of friends.

7.         Most  ( sebagian besar ).
            Most bisa digunakan untuk countable and uncountable noun.
           
            Contoh :
            - Most of the students are happy.
            - Most of the sugar is on the table.

8.         All  ( semua )
            All bisa digunakan untuk countable dan uncountable noun.

            Contoh :
            - All of the books are good.

            - All of the monay is gone.

=====================================================================


II.     SOAL

1.     There are a lot of  people watching the film Spiderman.  A lot of  means ...................

        a.  several          b.  some          c.  a few          d.  many



2.     Nobody can buy that car because it is .................... expensive.

        a.  enough          b.  too          c.  rather          d.  a bit



3.     I don’t have ................. paper to write a latter.

        a.  many          b.  any          c.  some          d.  several



4.     There are .................. students who are studying  English now.
        a.  a number of          b.  the number of          c.  much          d.  any

5.     Wulan needs a Mathematics book, but she doesn’t have .............. monay to buy it.
        a.  many          b.  some          c.  any          d.  not

6.     Several students are happy.  Several means ....................
        a.  some          b.  a lot of          c.  many          d.  much

7.     There is ................. salt in the jar.
        a.  many       b.  a little          c.  any          d.  a few

8.     I think there are not .............animals in that forest because most of them have been hunted and killed.
        a.  much          b.  a few          c.  many          d.  a little

9.     I don’t like going to the zoo on Sunday because on that day there are .............people goingthere with     ther family.
        a.  too much          b.  too many          c.  a few          d.  a little

10.    In Jakarta, there are ............. cars on the road causing traffic jams everyday.
         a.  any         b.  alittle          c.  a lot of          d.  a few

11.  The Olympic games consist of the Summer Games and Winter Games.  ......... are help every four years
        a.  All           b.  Both          c.  Some          d.  Any

12.  A    : Do you know Dian Sastro and Titi Kamal ?
         B    : Yes, ................. of them are my favorite actresses.
         a.  All          b.  Both           c.  Some           d.  Each

13.    I think our them will become the winner in this competition because .............. the players practis hard                   everyday.
         a.  both of           b.  all of          c.  none of          d.  a few of

14.  There is ............... cloud on the sky.
          a.  many          b.  a lot of          c.  a few          d.  a number of

15.    .................. of students in my class is thirty.
          a.  A number           b.  The number         c.  Much           d.  Many

16.    I need ................. more days to complete my report
         a.  a few           b.  a little          c.  the number of           d.  much
17.      Ani              : Have you seen that flower ?
            Ali                               : No, I can’t see it because of the crowd.
            Ani              : I think there are ................ people visiting this part today.
            a.  too much          b.  too day          c.  a lot of          d.  quite a lot

18.      A    : Next week, I am going camping.
            B    : Goot, what do you need to bring ?
            A    : ............. monay.
            a.  Any          b.  Some          c.  Many           d.  A few

19.      No students is absent because ................. them have come.
            a.  some of           b.  both of          c.  most of          d.  all of

20.      Cyntia is aclever students because she makes .................. mistakes in the examination.
            a.  a lot of          b.  many          c.  a few          d.  a little


21.      Arlin           : You have many good books.   Do you like reading ?                                                    
            Mrs. Teni   : Yes, I do.  I have read ................. of them because they are interesting.
            a.  both          b.  all          c.  none          d.  nothing

22.      Tengku      : I want to make magazine clipping. Can you lend me some of your magazines ?
            Muhib        : Sorry, Ther is ................ here because my father has sold them.
            a.  none          b.  some           c.  both          d.  each

23.      Aisyah has got broken heart many times.
            According to her, there are only ................... good men in the world                                                              
            a.  many          b.  a few          c.  a little          d.  much

24.      The land can be improved, but many thing must be done first.  Many means .................
            a.  a lot of          b.  a few          c.  some          d.  several

25.      In the eruption, all of the people and animals were killed. .............. of them was safe.
            a.  Some          b.  Both          c.  None          d.  Every

26.      Pratiwi        : Can I get some sugar ?
            Ari               : No, because there is not .............. sugar left.
            a.  many          b.  any          c.  a few           d.  some

27.      Abdul Ajiz                 : Do you know Susi Susanti and Rudi Hartono ?
            Abdul Rahman        : Yes, of course.  ............... of them are legends in Badminton.
            a.  All          b.  Both          c.  Some           d.  Afew

28.      Can you give me ................ salt to make an omelette ?
            a.  a little          b.  a number of          c.  the number of          d.  a few

29.      Rain Forests cover about 10 % of the Earth, but the contain 90 % of the world’s animal is plants.
            We can say : ............... of the aniomals live in the Rain Forests.
            a.  Some          b.  Most          c.  A few          d.  Any

30.      I don’t have .............. time.   I only have ................ time.
            a.  much – a little          b.  many – a little          c.  much – a few          d.  many – a few

31.      Mrs. Bet spet ................ money on clothes.
            a.  a lot of          b.  many         c.  a few         d.  any

32.      On the table, there is ................ food but ................. rice.
            a.  a little – a lot of        b.  a little – a few         c.  a few – a little         d.  a lot of – many

33.      How ............... sugar and how ............... books did you buy in  the market ?
            a.  many – much         b.  many – little          c.  much – many         d.  much – a few
34.      My mother has ................ flour.
            a.  a lot of          b.  many          c.  a few          d.  several

35.      Tomy has ................ friends because he is not friendly.
            a.  few          b.  a lot of          c.  many         d.  a little

36.      Anwar        : Do you want to go camping ?
            Desi            : Yes, Ido.
            Anwar        : Don’t forget to bring a towel and ................... soap.
            a.  a number of          b.  many          c.  some          d.  much

37.      There’s a good film at the planet Hollywood theatre.  Look, there are ............. people standing in a row to get tickets to see the film. They want to seet it now.
            a.  a small number        b.  a large number of          c.  only a few        d.  noy many

38.      Maria needed .................. water to take the medicine.
            a.  a few         b.  none          c.  any         d.  some

39.      Livia           : Mom, I want to make a cake.  Do you have any flour ?
            Mother       : Yes, I have ................ in the cupboard.
            a.  any          b.  some           c.  several          d.  a few

40.      My brother wanted to make a small wooden box.  He needed ................ nails.
OoOoOooOoOoO
            a.  much           b.  a lot         c.  some          d.  no




QUESTION  TAG  ( BAB   V )

I.    TEORI

      Question Tag  adalah suatu pertanyaan di akhir kalimat yang fungsinya untuk meyakinkan suatu informasi. Jika pertanyaan yang di ungkapkan dalam bentuk kalimat positif, maka  tag – nya harus negatif. Sebaliknya, jika pertanyaannya dalam bentuk negatif, maka  tag – nya harus positif.

        Dalam Question Tag, kita perlu memperhatikan auxiliary atau kata bantu. Jenis-jenis auxiliary adalah :

1.  To be : is, am, are, was, were.                                           3.   To have : have, has

     Contoh :                                                                                         Contoh :
      - Wulan is beautiful, isn’t she ?                                                -  Mr. Joko has bought a book, hasn’t he ?
      - The students were here yesterday, weren’t they ?              - They haven’t arrived yet, have they ?

2.  To do : do, does, did.                                                      4.    Modal :  will, can, could, may, must,                                                                                                                                                    should, shall, would.
      Contoh :                                                                                        Contoh :
       - Arya doesn’t come, does he ?                                                - Suhartono should finish this letter,
        - Mr. Asriyal visited me last week, didn’t he ?                      shouldn’t he ?
                                                                                                                - Fauzi won’t go tomorrow, will he ?

Pengecualian :
1.  There is a book on the table, isn’t there ?                  4.  I am not a student, am I ?
2.  Let’s go, shakk we ?                                                      5.  Hery seldom comes here, does he ?
3.  I am a teacher, aren’t I ?                                                   ( Seldom=jarang. Kalimat yang menggunakan-
                                                                                                      seldom / never dianggap kalimat negatif ).

OoOoOooOoOoO
II.  SOAL

01.     You shouldn’t be angry with me, ................ you ?
            a.  can          b.  should          c.  can’t          d.  shouldn’t

02.      En                               : Tomorrow is Monday, .................  . How about going to Ancol ?
            Palimo       : Why not ?
            a.  does it          b.  is it          c.  doesn’t it          d.  isn’t it ?

03.      Paula          : Tomorrow is my mother’s birhday. What should we buy for her ?
            Gita                            : We should buy glasses to read, .................. ?
            Paula          : I thing so.
            a.  will she          b.  does she          c.  won’t she          d.  doesn’t she

04.      Guest          : There is a vacant room in this hotel, .................... ?
            Receptionist              : Yes, but singel bed only, sir.
            Guest          : No problem. I’ll take it.
            a.  is there          b.  are they          c.  isn’t there          d.  aren’t they

05.      Wulan visited you yesterday, ....................?
            a.  don’t you          b.  didn’t she          c.  do you          d.  did they

06.      Maulana never drives his car,  ..................... ?
            a.  doesn’t he         b.  hasn’t he           c.  do you          d.  did they

07.      Let’s go to the beach, ..................... ?
            a.  can’t we          b.  shall we          c.  can we          d.  do we

08.      I remember you now. You are Sonya,  .................. ?
            a.  are you          b.  do you          c.  aren’t you          d.  don’t you

09.      Yusuf never goes to school late, ..................?
            a.  hasn’t he           b.  doesn’t he          c.  has he         d.  does he


10.      It will not rain tomorrow, .......................?
            a.  will it          b.  will you          c.  won’t it          d.  won’t you                                                               
11.      Your brother worked hard yesterday, .....................?
            a.  doesn’t he            b.  didn’t he          c.  did you           d.  did  he

12.      Rahman has not visited Bandung, .....................?
            a.  doesn’t he          b.  hasn’t he          c.  does he           d.  did he

13.      You answered my SMS, ................. ?
            a.  did you          b.  do you           c.  didn’t you           d.  don’t you

14.      Purnomo   : Where did you go last week ?
            Rina           : To Bandung.
            Purnomo   : Wow, great. You had a nice holiday,  ....................?
            Rina           : I thing so.
            a.  did you         b.  had you          c.  didn’t you          d.  hadn’t you

15.      Ilham         : can not sing well, ..................he ?
            a.  can’t           b.  doesn’t          c.  can          d.  does

16.      Mr. Hidayat and I have dinner together, ................?
            a.  do we           b.  do they           c.  don’t we           d.  don’t they

17.      You must be careful, .................. ?
            a.  must you          b.  should you          c.  mustn’t you          d.  shouldn’t you

18.      Rina and Cepi won’t be disappointed, ..................... ?
            a.  will he          b.  will they          c.  will she          d.  will we

19.      Ferdi           : Tini spent her holiday in Makasar, .....................?
            Gunawan  : I thing so. What about you ?
            Ferdi           : I just stayed at home.
            a.  will she          b.  didn’t she          c.  did she           d.  won’t she

20.      Jenni           : Traveling by plane costa a lot, ....................?
            Dedi            : Yes, I agree with you.
            a.  Isn’t it          b.  doesn’t it          c.  is it           d.  does it

21.      Anti            : All farmers are happy.
            Dahlia        : Why do you say so ?
            Anti            : The weather’s good these days, ...................?
            Dahlia        : Yes, you are right.
            a.  doesn’t it         b.  isn’t it          c.  does it          d.  is it

22.      Playing is not better than swimming, .......................?
            a.  is it          b.  aren’t they           c.  isn’t it          d.  are they

23.      Ijal              : They like playing football very much, ........................?
            Wiwik         : You are right.
            a.  don’t they          b.  didn’t they          c.  do they          d.  did they

24.      Mr. Taufik                : We had better stay in Harris hotel.
            Mrs. Aminah            : I don’t agree with you.  Staying in that hotel is expensive, .................?
            a.  is it          b.  was it         c.  isn’t it         d.  wasn’t it

25.      Hanna and Rima were not swimming,.......................?
            a.  were they          b.  weren’t Fadis and Dila          c.  weren’t they          d.  were Fadia and Dila

26.      Bank Mandiri has a lot of employees, .......................?
            a.  had it          b.  does it         c.  hadn’t it         d.  doesn’t it            

27.      These cars are not good, .....................?
            a.  are these          b.  are they          c.  aren’t these          d.  aren’t they

28.      Rahmat swims every Sunday, ................. ?
            a.  does he          b.  does it          c.  doesn’t he         d.  doesn’t it

29.      We probably won’t go to Jogyakarta, ........................we ?
            a.  will         b.  can          c.  won’t          d.  can’t
                                                                                                                                                                                    
30.      I am not sure I can  make it, .....................?
            a.  are you         b.  am I          c.  aren’t you          d.  am not I

31.      ............................ , didn’t you ?
            a.  You did your homework                   c.  You didn’t do your homework     
            b.  You do your homework                    d.  You don’t do ypur homework

32.      ........................... , haven’t they ?
            a.  Tono and Tini had money                                               c.  Tono has monay
            b.  Tono and Tini haves studied English             d.  Tono has studied English

33.      My sister is as beautiful as Putri Indonesia, .......................?
            a.  is she          b.  does she          c.  isn’t she          d.  doesn’t she

34.      I am tall, ........................ ?
            a.  am I         b.  aren’t I          c.  am not I           d.  are I

35.      You can come here any time, ....................... ?
            a.  can’t you          b.  will you          c.  can you          d.  won’t you

36.      Mrs. Nina seldom comes here, .......................?
            a.  doesn’t she          b.  didn’t she         c.  does she          d.  did  she

37.      You typed this letter yourself, ........................?
            a.  don’t you         b.  didn’t you          c.  do you         d.  did he

38.      Your father made you happy, ........................?
            a.  did you          b.  did he           c.  didn’t you           d.  didn’t he

39.      Lets go now, .............................?
            a.  shan’t we          b.  do we          c.  shall we          d.  don’t we

40.      I will never come here any more, ........................ ?
            a.  will I           b.  can I          c.  won’t I          d.  can’t I

41.      The children won’t play in the garden, ...................... ?
            a.  will they          b.  will the children          c.  won’t they         d.  won’t the children

42.      Rizal has been working here for 3 years, ....................?
            a.  has he          b.  does he          c.  hasn’t he          d.  doesn’t he

43.      There is not a car, .....................?
            a.  is there          b.  is it          c.  isn’t there         d.  isn’t it

44.      Mr Girl’s done his job well, ...................?
            a.  is he          b.  has he          c.  isn’t he          d.  hasn’t he

45.      She’s  an artist, .................... ?
            a.  is she          b.  has she          c.  isn’t she          d.  hasn’t she
46.          Their son shot a bird in the forest, .................. he ?
            a.  doesn’t          b.  didn’t          c.  does          d.  did

47.      Father and mother have already seen that film, ..................... ?
            a.  haven’t they          b.  doesn’t he          c.  hasn’t he          d.  didn’t day

48.      Aida           : You spendyour holiday in Bali, ....................... ?
            Ineke          : That’s right. And you ?
            Aida           : I went nowhere.
            a.  did you ?          b.  will you ?          c.  didn’t you          d.  aren’t you ?

49.      Ita               : Which do you prefer, oranges or apples ?
            Mega          : I suppose ......................
            Ita               : I thing so. I agrree with you.
a.  oranges aresourerthan apples, wheren’t they ?      c.  oranges are sweeter thanapples, aren’t they ?
b.  apples are cheaper than oranges, didn’t they ?      d.  apples are more delicious than oranges, don’t they ?

50.      You like me, ...................... ?         
          a.  do you          b.  don’t you          c.  did you          d.  didn’t you



( BAB   VI )      ELLIPTICAL  STRUCTURE

I.       TEORI

         Elliptical Structure adalah penghilangan bagian tertentu dari suatu kalimat akibat penggabungan dengan kalimat lain pada saat membentuk kalimat majemuk. Penghilangan bagian tertentu tersebut tidak menyebabkan perubahan arti pada kalimat.

            Seperti kita ketahui, ada 4 macam auxiliary verb ( kata kerja bantu ) :

a.   to do : do, does, did.                                             c.  to have : have, has, had.

      Contoh :                                                                       Contoh :
      - Mrs. Agnes doesn’t teach Broadcasting.             - Mr. Heri had worked at pustekom for 20 years.
      - Mrs. Sembung didn’t teach Broadcasting.          - Mr. Kusmita has done his job well.  
                                                                                             - Mrs.Yayah had edited the film before she came here.
b.   to be : is, am, are, was, were.
                                                                                         d.  Modal : can, may, must, will, could, should, might,
      Contoh :                                                                                         would.
      - Mrs. Rika is a program director.                               Contoh :                               
      - They were here yesterday.                                         - Our country will survive.
      - I am studying English now.                                       - Mr. Hidayat can sleep now.                                                                                                                                            - Mr. Muktar should swim everyweek.

         Ada 3 jenis Elliptical Strukture yangperlu diketahui :


                           Rumus:
                               Affirmative Sentence, and
                       Affirmative Sentence, and
                            so + auxiliary + S
1.         Too, and so

             Contoh :
            a.     -   Mrs. Yayah came here yesterday.          
                    -   Mrs. Wiwin came here yesterday.           
   ( Mrs Yayah came here yesterday, and Mrs Wiwin did too ).
   ( Mrs Yayah came here yesterday, and so didi Mrs Wiwin ).

            b.     -   Mrs Indra will write a script tomorrow.
                    -   Mr Bambang will write a script tomorrow.
   ( Mrs Indar will write a script tomorrow, and Mr Bambang will too )
   ( Mrs Indra will write a script tomorrow, and so will Mr Bambang )

            c.     -   Mr Eko drives a car.
                    -   Mrs Rina Drives a car.
   ( Mr Eko drives a car, and Mrs Rina does too )
   ( Mr Eko drives a car, and so does Mrs Rina )

            d.     -  She is happy.
                    -  We are happy.
   ( She is happy, and we are too )
   ( She is happy, and so are we )

            e.    -   She has slept.
                    -   They have slept.
   ( She has slept, and they have too )
   ( She has slept, and so have they )


                                         Rumus:
                             Negative Sentence, and
S +                             auxiliary + not + either
                            Negative Sentence, and
                                 neither + auxiliary + S
2.         Either, and neither



                                                                                                                                                                                   
          Contoh :
            a.     -   Irfan can’t do it.
                    -   Hakim can’t do it.
   ( Irfan can’t do it, and Hakim can’t either ).
   ( Irfan can’t do it, and neither can Hakim ).

b.     -   My father doesn’t like Gado-gado.
        -   My mother doesn’t like Gado-gado.
   ( My father doesn’t like Gado-gado, and my mother doesn’t either ).
   ( My father doesn’t like Gado-gado, and neither does my mother ).

c.     -   Mr Susilo is not my friend.
        -   Mr Heru is not my friend.
   ( Mr Susilo is not my friend, and Mr Heru is not either ).
   ( Mr Susilo is not my friend, and neither is Mr Heru ).

d.     -   Ali has not come yet.
        -   They have not come yet.
            ( Ali has not come yet, and They haven’t either ).
            ( Ali has not come yet, and neither have they ).

3.         But artinya tetapi.
            Kalimat yang digabungkan mempunyai bentuk yang berlawanan, yaitu positf dan negatif.

            Contoh :
            a.     Inneke likes swimming, but Ririn doesn’t.
            b.     She didin’t sleep last night, but they did.
            c.     Mr Hadi will go, but Mr Zulfiar won’t.
            d.     Hanif is not happy, but they are.
            e.     They have eaten that banana, but she hasn’t.


OoOoOooOoOoO

II.        SOAL

01.      I am not teacher, and Ellis is .....................
            a.  too          b.  not too         c.  either         d.  not either

02.      My mother passed away, and my father ....................
            a.  does too         b.  doesn’t either          c.  did too          d.  didn’t either

03.      Mrs. Sofniza never goes ther, and .....................
            a.  Mrs. Sofniza doesn’t either              c.  Mrs. Sofniza doesn’t too
            b.  Mrs. Sofniza does too                       d.  Mrs. Sofniza does either

04.      We need food to live, and ......................
            a.  so does animals          b.  so do animals           c.  neither does animals         d.  neither do animals

05.      They can’t come , and ....................
            a.  so can we          b.  neither can we         c.  we can too          d.  we can either

06.      My sister always watches TV every night, and .....................
            a.  so my brother does            c.  neither my brother does
            b.  neither my brother does    d.  so does my brother

07.      They have repaired their car, and so ..................... we.
            a.  had                  b.  has          c.  have          d.  do

08.      They have monay, and .........................
            a.  I have too         b.  I don’t have either          c.  I do too         d.  I don’t either

09.      They have to do it now, and .......................
            a.  so have we          b.  so do we          c.  we have too         d.  we don’t either

10.      The students always use this room, but the teacher .....................
            a.  doesn’t use         b.  don’t use           c.  don’t         d.  doesn’t

11.      Mr. Zulazmi can’t come on time, and ....................
            a.  neither can’t Anti          b.  neither can Anti         c.  Anti can’t too         d.  Anti can either

12.      Nizam        : I saw that man in the market yesterday.
            Zaki            : ........................
            a.  So do I          b.  So did I         c.  So will I          d.  So can I

13.      Parno         : I was her last week.
            Chandra    : ....................
            a.  So were they         b.  They weren’t either          c.  So was they         d.  Neither were they

14.      Dian           : Do you lieke doing your home work after praying Maghrib ?
            Amelia       : No, I don’t.
            Dian           : ................
            a.  Neither do I         b.  I’m not either          c.  So do I          d.  I do too

15.      Mr. Muslimin Doesn’t Play golf, and neither does Mr. Nizamudin. That setence means :...............
            a.  Both Mr. Muslimain and Mr. Nizamudin play golf.
            b.  Mr. Muslimain Plays golf, but Mr. Nizamudin doesn’t.
            c.  Only Mr. Nizamudin doesn’t play golf.
            d.  Both Mr. Muslimin and Mr. Nizamudin don’t play golf.

16.      Letto          : Can you use thismachine ?
            Ratu           : No, Ican’t. What about you ?
            Letto          : .................... can I.
            a.  Eathir          b.  Too          c.  So           d.  Neither

17.      Raja           : Hi Putri. I hear youwill take part in Table Tennis competition. Is the right ?
            Putri            : Yes, but there are a lot of good playersin the competitio.
            Raja           : Really, I hope you will become the winner.
            Putri            : ....................
            a.  So will I          b.  Neither will I          c.  So do I         d.  Neither do I

18.      Hanif  didn’t go to school yesterday and, ....................
            a.  Alif did too          b.  So did Alif         c.  Neither did Alif         d.  Alif wasn’t either

19.      A       : Have you ever been to Singapore ?
            B       : Yes, I have. What abouth you ?
            A       : .......................
            a.  I have neither         b.  I have noy too         c.  Neither I have         d.  So I have

20.      Chairil        : Mom, is an Ostrich a bird ?
            Mother       : Yes, it is.
            Chairil        : It can’t fly, can it ?
            Mother       : Most birds can fly, but an Ostrich .....................
            a.  will           b.  won’t         c.  can,t         d.  can

21.      Indonesia has a lot of population. Indian has a lot of population.
            The correct combination of the two sentences is ..................
            a.  Indonesia has a lot of population, and Indian hasn’t.
            b.  Indonesia has a lot of population, and  so does India
            c.  Indonesia has a lot of population, and neither does India
            d.  Indonesia has a lot of population, and Indian doesn’t either

22.      X       : Who defeated Taufik Hidayat yesterday ?
            Y       : The Chinese palyer .................
            a.  did         b.  didn’t         c.  does          d.  doesn’t

23.      A       : Many people don’t like watching the film on TV every night. How about you ?
            B       : ................. I prefer watching the news.
            a.  So do I          b.  Neither do I         c.  So am I          d.  Neither am I

24.      Purnomo   : I didn’t do my homework.
            Waluyo      : .....................
            a.  I didn’t too         b.  I did too          c.  I did neither          d.  Neither did I

25.      I have some monay, and ...................
            a.  they have too          b.  they don’t have either            c.  they do too         d.  they don’t have too
26.      Rina is able to do the homework, and .....................
            a.  so is Cepi            b.  so do Cepi          c.  so will Cepi         d.  so does Cepi
           
27.      Dimas can drive the car, and so can Satria. The sentence means : ..................
            a.  Dimas can drive the car, but Satria can,t.    
            b.  Both Satria and Dimas can’t drive a car      
            c.  Both Satriab and Dimas can drive a car.
            d.  Only Satria can drive a car.

28.      Sandra didn’t say anything, and ....................
            a.  I didn’t too          b.  so did I         c.  neither did I         d.  I did either

29.      The will come here, and ......................
            a.  we will too         b.  we will not either         c.  we will not too          d.  we will either

30.      Mr. Iwan has bought a car, and ..................
            a.  Mr. Sunyoto has either                     
            b.  Mr. Sunyoto hasn’t either                
            c.  Mr. Sunyoto has too
            d.  Mr. Sunyoto have too

31.      A       : They prepare to stay in Bandung.
            B       : .....................
            a.  I am too          b.  I am either          c.  I am not either         d.  I do too

32.      A fist ................... fly, and neither can a dog.
            a.  can          b. can’t          c.  will          d.  won’t

33.      Ningsih       : Do you see that beautiful car ?
            Amin          : Yes, do you like it ?
            Ningsih       : Of course, I like it very much.
            Amin          : ......................
            a.  I am too         b.  I am not either         c.  I do too         d.  I don’t either

34.      Lili is not present, and neither is her huisband. The sentence means : ....................
            a.  Lili is not present, but her husband is.           
            b.  Lili is present, but her husband is not.           
            c.  Both Lili and her husband are present.         
            d.  Both Lili and her husband are not present.

35.      Cindy invites me to the meeting, and Delon ....................
            a.  doesn’t either         b.  doesn’t too          c.  does too          d.  so do

36.      Tengku doesn’t swim, and ................. Abdulah and Sahmullah.
            a.  neither does          b.  neither do          c.  so does          d.  so do

37.      A      : Susi Suanti is a great Badminton player.
            B      : Taufik Hidayat is ........................
            a.  either          b.  too         c.  neither         d.  as well

38.      Nana          : What did you buy in the computer exhibition yesterday ?
            Cindy         : I didn’t buy anything.
            Nana          : .....................
            a.  So did I          b.  I did too         c.  Neither did I          d.  So did I

39.      Chadijah   : Have you ever been to Malang ?
            Sahal          : Yes, how about you ?
            Chadijah   : ...................... I went there last year.
            a.  Neither have I          b.  I have either         c.  Neither have you         d.  So have I

40.      Chaerudin : Who are people working on newspaper ?
            Husin         : Journalist, columnist.
            Chaerudin : Can you tell me who edits the articles before they are published ?
            Husin         : ........................
            a.  The editor do          b.  The editor does          c.  The editor is         d.  The editor can                                                                                                                                                                                   
41.      Febi            : Do you like coffee ?
            Alfin           : I don’t.
            Febi            : .......................      
            Alfin           : So, what do you like then ?
            Febi            : I like tea.
            a.  So do I          B.  Neither do I         c.  I do too         d.  Neither do I
             
             
42.      Tomi          : I like Durians very much.
            Dila             : .......................  Its my favourite fruit.
            a.  So are you          b.  So am I         c.  So do you         d.  So do I

43.      Susi             : I have to finish my work today.
            Ari               : ........................
            a.  I don’t either           b.  Neither do I         c.  So do I         d.  I am  too

44.      Wiwin         : We will edit the film tomorrow.
            Indra          : ...........................
            a.  So won’t Mr. Heri Kuswita
            b.  So will Mr. Heri Kuswita
            c.  Neither won’t Mr. Heri Kuswita
            d.  Neither will Mr. Heri Kuswita

45.      A      : You need monay ?
            B      : .........................
            a.  So does he          b.  So do he         c.  So did he         d.  So will he


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 ( BAB   VII )    MODAL

I        TEORI
           

                Rumus : S + modal + V1
            Auxiliary adalah kata bantu. Auxiliary Modal adalah kata bantu modal. Untuk tingkat SMP, auxiliary modal yang dibahas adalah : can dan could, should, shall, will dan would, may, must.



Contoh : Ati will come here tomorrow.

-       Untuk kalimat negatif, tambahkan not setelah modal.
       Contoh :
       Atik will not comfe here tomorrow ?

-       Untuk kalimat tanya, pindahkan modal kedepan kalimat.
       Contoh :
       Will Atik come here tomorrow ?

1.     Can   dan   Could
         Can bisa untuk digunakan untuk menyatakan kemampuan / ability di masa srkarang / present.
         Contoh :
         ( + )   Alex can swim well now.
         ( - )    Alex can’t swim weel now.
         ( ? )   Can Alex swim wellow ?

         Kata lain untuk can adalah  be able to.
        
         Contoh : Alex can speal English now.
         ( + )   Alex is able to speak English now.
         ( - )    Alex is not able to speak English now.
         ( ? )   Is Alex able to speak to speak English now ?

         Could bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan kemampuan / ability dimasa lampau / past.
         Contoh :
         ( +)   Zaki could play volleyball when he was a boy.
         ( - )   Zaki could not play volleyball when he was a boy.
         ( ? )  Could Zaki play volleyball when he was a boy ?

2.     May

         May bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan kemungkinan di waktu sekarang / present.
         Untuk kalimat tanya, may bisa berarti ijin /permintaan dengan subjek I dan We.
         C ontoh ;
         a.    ( + )  She may come here now.
                ( - )  She my not come here now.
                ( ? )  May she come here now ?

         b.    May yang berarti ijin / permintaan.
         May help you ?
         May we go now ?

3.     Must

         Must bisa digunakan untuk keharusan / necessity di waktu serkarang / present.
         Contoh :
         ( + )  When we see the traffic light is red, we must stop.
         ( - )   When we see the traffic light is green, we must not stop.
         ( ? )  When we see the traffic light is red, must we stop ?

         Kata lain untuk must adalah have to / has to
        
         Contoh : We must stop here .
         a.            ( + )  We have to stop here.                        b.   ( + )  Zuhaidah has to stop here.
                ( - )   We don’t have to stop here.                           ( - )   Zuhaidah doesn’t have to stop here.
                ( ? )  Do we have  to stop here ?                              ( ? )   Does Zuhaidah have to stop here ?

5.     Will  and  Would

        Will bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan terjadi di masa depan.
        Contoh :
        ( + )  Sukri will go to Bukittinggi next month.
        ( - )   Sukri will not go to Bukittinggi next month.
        ( ? )  Will Sukri go to Bukittinggi next month ?

        Kata lain untuk will adalah be going to.

        Contoh :
        Sukri will travel to Yogya tomorrow.
        ( + )  Sukri is going to travel toYogya tomorrow.
        ( - )   Sukri is not going to travel to Yogya tomorrow.
        ( ? )   Is Sukri going to travel to Yogya tomorrow ?

        Would bisa digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan terjadi di masa lalu.

        Contoh :
        ( + )  Mr Adnan would come here yesterday.
        ( - )   He would not come here yesterday.
        ( ? )  Would he come here yesterday ?

6.     Shall

        Shall biasanya digunakan dalam kalimat tanya dengan subjek I dan We yang berarti ijin / permintaan
        ( bolehkah ).
        Contoh :
        - Shall we go now ?
        - Shall I open the door ?



OoOoOooOoOoO



II.  SOAL

01.      Fani            : Mother, will you give me a permission to watch the film in the cinema ?
            Mother       : ................. , but after you have finished your work.
            a.  No, you may not         b.  No, you will not          c.  Yes, I’ll see it          d.  Yes, you may

02.      Mrs Wiwin : ................. this letter ?
            Mrs Indra  : I’sorry. I have some work to do.
            a.  Can I post          b.  Should I post          c.  Could you post          d.  Should you post

03.      In the library, we ................. talk.
            a.  should          b.  must          c.  will not          d.  must not

04.      Mr Dewo   : Where are you going next holiday ?
            Mrs Dewi   : I will go camping in Cibodas.
            Mr Dewo   : Really ? You .................. bring a flas hlight ( senter ) because it is very dark there.
            a.  will          b.  can not          c.  must         d.  must not

05.      Mother       : You look tired. You should sleep.
            Andi           : Yes, mom.
            Mother       : You ................... brush your teeth and pray first before you sleep.
            a.  will not          b.  will          c.  should          d.  should not

06.      When I was a child, I ................. ride a motorcycle.
            a.  can not          b.  could not          c.  will          d.  must

07.      My father and mather ................ buy a new house in Tebet next month.
            a.  can be          b.  will be         c.  will          d.  will be

08.      Mr Muslimin ........................ to go now.
            a.  have          b.  has          c.  doesn’t has          d.  doesn’t had                                                           
09.      The weather forecast says that it .................. rain tomorrow.
            a.  is         b.  is not         c.  is going to         d.  is going

10.      I think I .................... to sleep now.
            a.  should          b.  must         c.  has         d.  have

11.      You ................. smoke in and around the gas station.
            a.  must          b.  must not         c.  should           d.  should not

12.      I think it is going to rain. I ................... bring an umbrella.
            a.  may not          b.  can not          c.  must          d.  must not

13.      Without a microscope, we .................. see avery small object.
            a.  can not          b.  can          c.  must not          d.  may

14.      Susan         : Is it your bag, Ira ?
            Ira               : Yes, why ?
            Susan         : ......................
            Ira               : No, I am going to use it.
            a.  May I borrow it ?        b.  Will I borrow it ?        c.  Must I borrow it ?        d.  Should I borrow it ?

15.      Everybody ................. eat to live.
            a.  can          b.  must          c.  should          d.  may

16.      Can you call me up tonight ?
            a.  Yes, Ido          b.  Yes, You can          c.  No, I don’t           d.  Yes, I can

17.      Father        : I think you don’t have to going to school because you are sick.
            Siti              : OK.
            From that sentence, we understand that
            Siti ................... go to school.
            a.  should          b.  will          c.  could          d.  will not

18.      Fish ................. swim in the ocean.
            a.  can not         b.  can         c.  should not          d.  should

19.      Because next week you you will havean exam, you ................... study hard.
            a.  should          b.  should not          c.  can not          d.  shall

20.      Our teacher .................. give the test today.
            a.  is able          b.  is not able         c.  is not able to         d.  is able not to

21.      Anim          : ...................... you come to my house ?
            Imran         : Yes, I will.
            a.  Can          b.  Will          c.  May          d.  Should

22.      I need your help because I .................. answer this question.
            a.  can          b.  can not          c.  will          d.  will not

23.      The bellboy : ................. , sir ?
            Mr John       : Of course. Please help me bring this bag to my room. It is very heavy.
            The bellboy : OK. No, problem.
            a.  Can you help me          b.  Can I help you          c.  Will you help me          d.  May you help me

24.      I ................. to the library now.
            a.  must to go          b.  must go          c.  must goes          d.  must going

25.      Nova          : Mom, .....................  go to the market ?
            Mother       : No, dear. You are still sick. 
                                  Please stay at home.
            a.  You may           b.  I can          c.  May I           d.  You can

26.      Anto           : What’s the matter with you ?.  You look unhelthy.
            Chynthia   : I get headache.    
                                   ...................................
            Anto           : OK.  
            a.  Can I help you ?                 c.  Can buy the medicine for me ?                                                                                   b.  Should help you ?  d.  Will I buy the medicine for you ?                                         
27.      Now, Yanti is able to play tennis well.
            Arti kalimat itu adalah :
            Yanti .................... play tennis well.
            a.  should          b.  can          c.  must          d.  may

28.      You must go now; not tomorrow.  The meaning of the sentence is :
            You .................. go now.
            a.  are able to          b.  must to          c.  has to          d.  have to

29.      Dini             : Have you talked to the new secretary ?
            Yeni            : Yes. She ................ speak English very well.
            a.  will          b.  must not          c.  should not          d.  can

30.      Mr Haris .................. speak English.
            a.  be able to          b.  can able to          c.  is able to          d.  able to

31.      Because Mrs Wilson is sick, she ................ stay in bed.
            a.  will to          b.  must to          c.  should          d.  have to

32.      Maybe the supervisor .................... agree with you.
            a.  can be          b.  don’t          c.  can         d.  will be

33.      Life is too short. We ..................... waste it.
            a.  should          b.  shouldn’t          c.  must           d.  will

34.      Baby          : .................... you tell me how to get to the post office ?
            Any            : Yes, please follow this direction.
            a.  Should           b.  Must          c.  Can         d.  Do

35.      Which one is correct ?
            a.  She must studied hard.                      c.  She must studies hard.                                                                                                   b.  She must studying hard.                            d.  She must study hard.

36.      The committee invited us to come to the meeting at eight o’clock, so ......................
            a.  we will arrive at the meeting room after eight o’clock.
            b.  we must arrive at the meeting room before eight o’clock.
            c.  we can arrive at the meeeting room after eight o’clock.
            d.  we may arrive at the meeting room at about eight thirty.

37.      Sinta got an accident yesterday, so she .................. not walk very fast.
            a.  should          b.  will          c.  may          d.  can

38.      It’s time for the train to leave. You ..................... go to the station quickly.
            a.  must          b.  may         c.  shall          d.  can

39.      Lukman    : ..................... I borrow your dictionary ?
            Wahab       : Sure, here you are.
            a.  Will          b.  Do          c.  May         d.  Must

40.      The sky is very cloudy. It is going to rain.
            The children ................ bring the raincoat to go to school.
            a.  may          b.  must          c.  can          d.  can’t



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( BAB   VIII )    ADJECTIVE AND ADVERB

I.       TEORI

a.         Adjective

            Adjective adalah kata sifat yang menerangkan noun / kata benda. Adjective biasanya di temukan sebelum noun. Contoh adjective adalah famous ( terkenal ), beautiful ( cantik ), large ( luas ), old ( tua ), yellow ( kuning ), interesting ( menarik ), broken ( hancur ), tired ( lelah ).

Contoh :
-           Mrs. Elli     is     beautiful.                                       -          I saw a tiny          smart         girl.
             noun                      adjective
                                                                                                                    adjective      adjective     noun
-           She is a beautiful            teacher.
                  adjective                         noun                           -          My heard   is   broken.
                                                                                                              noun                      adjective

b.         Adverb
            Adverb adalah kata keterangan. Adverb bisa menerangkan verb ( kata kerja ). Biasanya adverb berasal dari adjective + ly.

Contoh :
-           I  run          quickly.                                            -                  We  quickly    go to the office.
          verb                     adverb                                                            adverb             verb

            Contoh – contoh adverb adalah : happily ( dengan gembira ), loudly ( dengan keras ), softly ( dengan lembut ), slowly ( dengan pelan ), carefully ( dengan hati – hati ), carelessly ( dengan ceroboh ), beautifully ( dengan cantik ), wisely ( dengan bijaksana ), rudely ( dengan kasar ).
           
            Ada kekecualian dimana beberapa kata mempunyai bentuk adjective dan adverb yang sama :

1.         Early – early ( awal )
           
            a.  It is still early in the morning                            b.  He comes         early
         noun                adjective                                                       verb                 adverb

2.         Late – late
           
            a.  Anisa     is     late                                 b.  Anisa comes     late
noun                  adjective                                              verb                adverb

3.         Fast – fast
           
            a.  He is a fast       runner                                        b.  He     runs       fast
 adjective                noun                                             verb                 adverb

4.         Hard – hard
           
            a.  It is a hard          job                                           b.  I work         hard
adjective                noun                                           verb                adverb

5.         Kekecualian yang lain adalah good ( adjective ) yang mempunyai well sebagai adverb.

            Contoh :
            -        You are very good                                          -       You   type         well
               noun                     adjective                              verb                    adverb



OoOoOooOoOoO


II.        SOAL

01.      You must study ................... to pass UN.
            a.  hardly          b.  hard         c.  careful        d.  good                                                                               
02.      I hear her ……………. voice.
            a.  soft          b.  softly          c.  badly          d.  beautifully

03.      That man was sick last week, but now he can walk ……………….
            a.  slow         b.  very slow           c.  very slowly           d.  slower

04.      If you do something, you must be ………… ; don’t be ………….
            a.  careless - careful       b.  carelessly - carefully       c.  careful - careless       d.  carefully – carelessly

05.      You are very …………… . Thank you for your kindness.
            a.  kindly           b.  kind           c.  rude          d.  bad

06.      He is …………… but …………….
            a.  slowly – sure           b.  slow – surely           c.  slowly – surely           d.  slow – sure

07.      I think you must drive …………… but ……………
            a.  slow – sure          b.  slowly – surely          c.  slowly – sure          d.  slow – surely

08.      You come very ……………. . They have gone.
            a.  lately          b.  lates          c.  late          d.  latest

09.      David Beckam is very …………… football player. He can play football very …………..
            a.  bad – well          b.  good – badly          c.  well – good           d.  good – well

10.      They come …………… , don’t they ?
            a.  early          b.  lately          c.  fastly          d.  careful

11.      Mrs Ani      : These glasses are easily broken.  You must bring them very ……………..
            Mr Tridewo : Don’t worry. I will.
            a.  careful          b.  carefully          c.  careless          d.  carelessly
12.      I think Satria drives his car very …………..  . He only needs two hours from Jakarta to Bandung.
            a.  fastly          b.  fast          c.  slowly          d.. slow

13.      Look, that runner runs ………………
            a.  loudly          b.  wisely           c.  generously          d.  quickly

14.      I want to speak English .....................
            a.  fluenty          b.  fluent          c.  badly           d.  bad

15.      The teacher tells the students to read the instruction .....................
            a.  carelessly          b.  carefully           c.  late            d.  rudely

16.      Mother       : Do you have any problem ?
            Anty           : No, I am doing .................. exercise.
            a.  an easy          b.  a difficult           c.  a beautiful           d.  a complicated

17.      Nano          : I think his English is good.
            Agung        : Yes. He can speak English very .....................
            a.  good          b.  well          c.  fine         d.  nice

18.      Olga            : Please reply this letter ....................
            Sania          : I will, after I have read it.
            a.  loudly          b.  immediately          c.  luckily          d.  actually

19.      Anita          : How do you get the passport ?
            Rosita        : I get it by doing a .................. procedure.
            a.  formal          b.  formally          c.  silent          d.  silently

20.      Come on, do it ....................
            a.  roughly          b.  quickly          c.  carelessly           d.  sadly

21.      Y : Mr. Hasan is a good employee.  He always does his work ................. and ...................
            a.  carefully – correctly      b.  slowly – correctly      c.  seriously – badly      d.  carelessly – diligently


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( BAB   IX )    ADJECTIVE CLAUSE

I.       TEORI

            Clause adalah anak kalimat. Adjective adalah kata sifat yang menerangkan noun / kata benda.      Jadi Adjective Clause adalah anak kalimat yang menerangkan kata benda.                                                  Relative Pronoun ( kata ganti hubung ) yang digunakan adalah :

a.         Who : untuk manusia ( subjek )

Contoh :
-           The woman is my mother.
-           The woman sings a song everyday.
Ø  The woman who sings a song everyday is my mother.
Penjelasan : kata sings adalah verb, sebelum verb kita membutuhkan subjek, sehingga diperlukan who.

b.         Whom : untuk manusia ( objek )

Contoh :
-           I talked to the woman.
-           I visited the woman yesterday.
Ø  I talked to the woman whom I visited yesterday.
Penjelasan : Lihat kalimat I visited the woman. Kata the woman adalah objek, sehingga diperlukan whom.

c.         Which / that : untuk benda atau binatang.

Contoh :
-           Yesterday I bought a car.
-           It was good.
Ø  Yesterday, I bought a car which was good.
Penjelasan : a car  adalah kata benda, sehingga diperlukan which.

d.         Whose : menyatakan milik atau kepunyaan.

Contoh :
-           The man is my brother.
-           His wife died yesterday.
Ø  The man whose wife died yesterday is my brother.
Penjelasan : Pada kata his wife, his adalah kata ganti kepunyaan, sehingga diperlukan whose.

e.         Where : untuk tempat.

Contoh :
-           The city is Surabaya.
-           I come from Surabaya
Ø  The city where I come from is Surabaya.
Penjelasan : Kata the city adalah tempat, sehingga diperlukan where.

f.         When : untuk waktu.

Contoh :
-           I know the time.
-           I have to go at the time.
Ø  I know the time when I have to go.
Penjelasan : Kata the time adalah waktu, sehingga diperlukan when.

g.         Why : untuk alasan.

Contoh :
-           I know the reason.
-           He came late yesterday.
Ø  I know the reason why came late yesterday.
Penjelasan : The reason adalah alasan, sehingga diperlukan why.


OoOoOooOoOoO
                                                                                                                                                                                 
II.     SOAL

01.      The boy ..................... father died yesterday is very sad now.
            a.  who         b.  which         c.  whom         d.  whose

02.      The book .................... has the red cover is mine.
             a.  who         b.  which         c.  whom         d.  where

03.      This is the place ................... I was born in 1968.
            a.  when          b.  which         c.  why         d.  where

04.      The woman is the beautiful.     I visited the woman.
            Gabungan yang benar dari kedua kalimat tersebut adalah :
            a.  The woman who visited me is beautiful.       c.  The woman whom I visited is beautiful.
            b.  The woman who is beautiful I visited.           d.  I visited the women beautiful.

05.      Tini             : Have you met the new student ................... comes from Australia ?
            Anton         : Yes, he is very tall.
            Tini             : Really ?
            Anton         : Yes.
            a.  whom          b.  who         c.  where         d.  when

06.      The teacher ..................... is very stict lives in Tebet.
            a.  whom          b.  who         c.  whose         d.  where

07.      The flowers ..................... he bought are beautiful.
            a.  who         b.  where         c.  which        d.  whom

08.      This is the book ................. I bought last month.
            a.  which          b.  where         c.  who         d.  when

09.      Delon ................. became Indonesia Idol in 2004 is very friendly.
            a.  who         b.  whom         c.  why         d.  when

10.      The chicken .................. I ate yesterday was delicious.
            a.  when         b.  which         c.  why         d.  where

11.      The singer .................... you visited is Kris Dayanti.
            a.  when         b.  where          c.  why          d.  whom

12.      My sister went to the bank ................. I work.
            a.  when         b.  where          c.  which          d.  why

13.      Rahmat’s mother, .................... health is bad nowadays, is still in the hospital.
            a.  which          b.  where          c.  whose          d.  why

14.      Anggun      : Do you know Bekasi ?
            Sasmi         : Yes, it is the city ..................
            a.  when was I born          b.  when I was born         c.  where was I born         d.  Where I was born

15.      Teacher     : What is surgeon ?
            Student      : It is a doctor ................. specializes in doing the operation.
            a.  whom          b.  who          c.  where         d.  why

16.      -  Ismail Marzuki is the composer.
            -  People consider him the greatest in Indonesia.
            Gabungan yang benar dari kedua kalimat tersebut menggunakan Adjective Clause adalah :
            a.  Ismail Marzuki is the greatest composer in Indonesia.
            b.  The greatest composer in Indonesia is Ismail Marzuki.
            c.  Ismail Marzuki is the composer whom people consider the greatest in Indonesia.
            d.  People consider the greatest composer in Indonesia is Ismail Marzuki.

17.      -  I saw the teacher.
            -  The teacher takked to the students.
            Gabungan yang benar dari kedua kalimat tersebut adalah :
            I saw the teacher ................... talked to the students.
            a.  whose          b.  whom          c.  who         d.  why
                                                                                                                                                                                    
18.      -  The students found the bag.
            -  The bag belonged to the guest.
            Kedua kalimat tersebut dapat digabungkan menggunakan Adjective Clause menjadi :
            a.  The students found the bag of the guest.
            b.  The students bag belonged to the guest.
            c.  The students and the bag belonged to the guest.
            d.  The students found the bag which belonged to the guest

19.      A  : Do you know him ?
            B  : Yes, he is the man ........................ me yesterday.
            a.  is helping          b.  who helped          c.  who helps          d.  was helping

20.      Mother is talking to my cousin ‘Rosa’. She comes from Malang and  lives there now.
            Ary             : Who is that girl, Rud ?
            Rudy          : She in my cousin ....................
            a.  that you asked her about                 c.  where she comes from
            b.  who lives in Malang                           d.  who is talking yo my sister

21.      A : Why did your father go to that man’s house ?
            B : He went there to thank the man .....................
            a.  whom he helped          b.  who helps me          c.  who had helped him          d.  which helped him

Fill in the blanks with Who / Whom / Which.

22.      Elis is the girl ................. sings well in the competition.

23.      Ardy ................ you met lastweek is a teacher.

24.      The bag .................... I like very much is the red one.

25.      Rian is the employee ....................... you saw just now.

26.      The girl ................. is crying is my doughter.

27.      The woman .................... is sleeping is my sister.

28.      The shirt ................. my father bought in Blok M is made of wool.

Combine the two sentences by using Adjective Clause.

29.      -  The man is a journalist.
            -  The man has 5 children.

30.      -  Do you know Dian Sastro ?
            -  She becomes the best actress this year.

31.      -  My mother didn’t like the shirt.
            -  I bought the shirt in Jatinegara yesterday.

32.      -  I like the woman.
            -  We visited her house yesterday.

33.      -  Ikbal is an athlete.
            -  We met Ikbal yesterday.




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DEGREES OF COMPARISON  ( BAB   X )

I.       TEORI

            Degrees of Comparison adalah tingkat perbandingan untuk benda atau orang yang jumlahnya bisa dua atau lebih.
            Bentuk tingkat perbandingan  yang digunakan adalah :

1.         a.  Different from ( berbeda dari ).
            b.  The same as ( sama dengan / sama seperti ).
           
            Contoh :
            -    Yunita is 14 years old.
            -    Rini is 14 years old.
            -    Amir is 12 years old.
           
            We can say :
            -    Yunita’s age is different from Amir’s age.
            -    Yunita’s age is the same as Rini’s age.
            -     Rini’s age is different from Amir’s age.

2.         The same .................... as
           
            Penggunaan the same ..................  as diikuti oleh noun / kata benda. Kata benda yang sering               digunakan adalah :
   The same height as ( ketinggian yang sama ).
   The same age as ( umur yang sama ).
   The same color as ( warna yang sama ).
   The same speed as ( kecepatan yang sama ).
   The same temperature as ( suhu yang sama ).
   The same size as ( ukuran yang sama ).
   The same length as ( panjang yang sama ).
   The same weight as ( berat yang sama ).
   The same depth as ( kedalaman yang sama ).
   The same wid th as ( lebar yang sama ).
           
            Contoh :
            a.  This pencil is 30 centimeters long
                 That pencil is 30 centimeters long.
            We can say :
            -   This pencil is the same length as that  pencil.

            b.  Your bag is brown.
                 Mine is brown.
            We can say :
            -    Your bag has the same color as mine.

3.         as .......................... as
           
            Penggunaan as ..................as diikuti oleh adjective atau adverb.
           
            Contoh :
            a.  -    I am 173 centimeters talls.
                 -    You are 173 centimeters tall.
                 -    Ali is 175 centimeters tall.
                Tall adalah adjective yang menerangkan noun.
            We can say :
            -   I am as tall as you are.
            -   I am not as tall as Ali.
            -   You are not as tall as Ali.

            b.  -    I sing happily.
                 -    They sing happily.
                Happily adalah adverb yang menerangkan verb ( sing ).
            We can say :
            -   I sing as happily as you do.
4.         Comparison of Adjectives
           
            Adjective yang terdiri dari satu suku kata ( syllable ) membentuk comparative menggunakan er dan superlati